Heat & Mass Transfer

Heat & Mass Transfer impacts nearly every area of industry, which is why Purdue hosts numerous laboratories dedicated to studying, enhancing, and pioneering new methods of heat transfer and energy conversion. With this research, Purdue is answering the challenging questions:

  • How will we cool the avionics of future spacecraft?
  • What can make solar-powered energy more feasible?
  • Where does heat transfer improve on engine or battery performance?
  • How can nanomanufacturing create better electronics?
  • Can thermal therapy create new treatments for disease?

Faculty in Heat & Mass Transfer

  • Thermal Physics ... Heat Moving Energy
  • Spectroscopy ... "Seeing" energy with light
  • Nanophotonics ... Pushing light to see more
  • 2D Materials ... Creating functionality by losing dimension
  • Modeling, Experiments and Simulations of turbulent boundary layers: role of initial conditions and bio-inspired micro-surfaces on evolution of velocity/thermal fields.
  • Importance of turbulence and complex topography on wind energy.
  • Integration of renewable with water and thermal storage.
  • Translational research focus on renewable energy & society
  • Wall interaction (e.g., bio-inspired micro surfaces) in respiratory flows
  • Big data in turbulence, renewable energy and biomedical engineering.
  • Energy and social equality
  • Experimental fluid dynamics
  • Development of flow diagnostic techniques
  • Flow dynamics in stratified environment
  • Turbulent flow measurements and modeling
  • DNA nanotechnology
  • Advanced materials
  • Fluid Mechanics
  • Soft Matter
  • Granular Flow
  • Microfluidics
  • Nonlinear Waves
  • Computational Science
  • CFD of multiphase flows
  • Turbulent gas-liquid flows
  • Cavitation
  • Heat transfer
  • Sustainable energy and environment
  • Combustion and turbulent reacting flows
  • Combustion and heat transfer in materials
  • Biomedical flows and heat transfer
  • Global policy research
  • Biotransport phenomena
  • Cell-fluid-matrix interaction
  • Microfluidics
  • 3D printing of soft materials
  • Naturally nanostructured materials
  • Energy, water, and wearable technology
  • Manufacturing
  • Bio-inspired designs
  • Surface engineering and multifunctional materials
  • Convergent Manufacturing for Industry 5.0: hybrid manufacturing processes, heterogeneous materials, and bio-inspired designs
  • Systems integration, productization, and production
  • Heavy-duty machines: machining, lubrication, and corrosion
  • Heterogeneous and hierarchical integration (mechanical-electrical-optical and nano-micro-meso-macro)
  • Precision agricultural and food: cellular agriculture, vertical farming, micro-production, and resilience
  • Frugal engineering, social innovations, and social equity
  • Manufacturing in space
  • Transport Phenomena in Multi-Scale, Heterogeneous Materials & Systems
  • Fundamentals of Nanoscale Thermal Transport
  • Heat Transfer in Natural and Synthetic Fiber Systems
  • Thermofluids Interactions
  • Multi-Physics Metrology Design
  • Electronics Cooling and Thermal Management
  • Fluid dynamics
  • Multiphase flows
  • Monte Carlo methods
  • Kinetic theory of granular flows
  • Heat transfer in granular media
  • Rarefied gas dynamics
  • Boiling
  • Condensation
  • Two-phase Flow
  • High heat flux
  • Thermal management systems
  • Cryogenic systems
  • Space vehicles
  • Lunar and Martian environments
  • Microgravity
  • Experiments on International Space Station
  • Electronic cooling
  • Energy storage and conversion (batteries, fuel cells)
  • Mesoscale physics and stochastics
  • Reactive transport, materials, processing, and microstructure interactions
  • Scalable nanomanufacturing: lithography and imaging
  • Optical and magnetic data storage
  • Nanoscale energy conversion, transfer and storage for alternative energy
  • Compact high speed turbomachinery: Design, analysis (experimental-numerical), cavity and tip flows, flow control
  • High speed propulsion: Novel cycle development, intakes, boundary layer transition, combustion
  • Development of measurement techniques and data processing
  • Simulations of nanoscale thermal transport
  • Machine learning, optimization, and high throughput design
  • Thermal management in electronics, space, and battery applications
  • Transport phenomena in additive manufacturing
  • Nanomaterials and devices for sustainable energy
  • Large eddy and direct simulations
  • Turbulent Combustion
  • Thermoacoustics
  • Non-linear acoustics
  • Heat-and-mass transfer
  • Physical oceanography and limnology
  • Numerical methods for complex geometries
  • Multiphase combustion, particularly related to propellants, explosives, and pyrotechnics
  • Nanoscale composite energetic materials
  • Advanced energetic materials
  • Microscale combustion
  • Computational and experimental solid mechanics focused on fatigue, fracture, and multi-physics phase evolution problems
  • Computational techniques including Finite Element Analysis (FEA), Isogeometric Analysis (IGA), geometric modeling, CAD and optimal design
  • Heterogeneous Integration and Advanced Electronics Packaging with a focus on thermomechanical behavior, reliability, and electrical-thermal-mechanical co-design
  • Modeling and simulation of hydraulic systems
  • Modeling and testing of pumps and motors for fluid power applications
  • Hydraulic valves modeling and testing
  • Reduction of noise emissions in fluid power systems
  • Desalination & Water Treatment
  • Water-Food-Energy Nexus
  • Thermofluids
  • Nanotechnology
  • Membrane Science
  • Addressing the process integration and reliability challenges for fine-pitch, high-density advanced semiconductor packaging techniques: Monolithic 3D Integration, Heterogeneous 2.5D interposer and 3D Integration, Microsystem integration, Fan-out packaging and Embedded packaging
  • Thermomechanical modeling and characterization of advanced devices and packages: chip package interactions, FEM modeling, and thermal stress metrology
  • "Smart-controlled cooling” with advanced manufacturing technologies using MEMS and 3D packaging: Active flow control for dynamic power profiles
  • Advanced heat sink design optimization and fabrication: Topology optimization and Additive manufacturing of the package level cooling system
  • Efficient thermal packaging materials: high thermal conductivity TIM (thermal interface materials), and underfill, efficient 3D bonding interface thermal materials
  • Electronics cooling and packaging
  • Phase-change transport phenomena
  • Microscale and nanoscale surface engineering for enhanced thermal transport
  • Energy efficiency in thermal systems
  • Transport in porous materials
  • Microscale diagnostics and sensing
  • Heat transfer, particularly nano-scale and ultrafast heat transfer
  • Ultrafast laser materials processing and diagnostics
  • Nano-optics and laser-based nano-lithography