Heat & Mass Transfer

Heat & Mass Transfer impacts nearly every area of industry, which is why Purdue hosts numerous laboratories dedicated to studying, enhancing, and pioneering new methods of heat transfer and energy conversion. With this research, Purdue is answering the challenging questions:

  • How will we cool the avionics of future spacecraft?
  • What can make solar-powered energy more feasible?
  • Where does heat transfer improve on engine or battery performance?
  • How can nanomanufacturing create better electronics?
  • Can thermal therapy create new treatments for disease?

Faculty in Heat & Mass Transfer

  • Modeling, Experiments and Simulations of turbulent boundary layers: role of initial conditions and bio-inspired micro-surfaces on evolution of velocity/thermal fields.
  • Importance of turbulence and complex topography on wind energy.
  • Integration of renewable with water and thermal storage.
  • Translational research focus on renewable energy & society
  • Wall interaction (e.g., bio-inspired micro surfaces) in respiratory flows
  • Big data in turbulence, renewable energy and biomedical engineering.
  • Energy and social equality
  • Experimental fluid dynamics
  • Development of flow diagnostic techniques
  • Flow dynamics in stratified environment
  • Turbulent flow measurements and modeling
  • Biomolecular nanomanufacturing
  • DNA origami and self-assembly
  • Optical nanoscopy and nanosensors
  • Bioinspired nanomechanical systems
  • Nanoscale energy conversion
  • Fluid mechanics
  • Nonlinear dynamics and chaos
  • Granular flow
  • Complex fluids, including particulate and multiphase flows
  • Microfluidics, including fluid--structure interactions
  • Wave phenomena in continuum mechanics
  • Applied mathematics and scientific computing
  • CFD of multiphase flows
  • Turbulent gas-liquid flows
  • Cavitation
  • Heat transfer
  • Sustainable energy and environment
  • Combustion and turbulent reacting flows
  • Combustion and heat transfer in materials
  • Biomedical flows and heat transfer
  • Global policy research
  • Biotransport phenomena
  • Cell-fluid-matrix interaction
  • Microfluidics
  • 3D printing of soft materials
  • Transport Phenomena in Multi-Scale, Heterogeneous Materials & Systems
  • Fundamentals of Nanoscale Thermal Transport
  • Heat Transfer in Natural and Synthetic Fiber Systems
  • Thermofluids Interactions
  • Multi-Physics Metrology Design
  • Electronics Cooling and Thermal Management
  • Fluid dynamics
  • Multiphase flows
  • Monte Carlo methods
  • Kinetic theory of granular flows
  • Heat transfer in granular media
  • Rarefied gas dynamics
  • Heat transfer
  • Boiling and two-phase flow
  • Materials processing
  • Electronic cooling
  • Thermal management of aerospace systems
  • Nuclear reactor safety
  • Energy storage and conversion (batteries, fuel cells)
  • Mesoscale physics and stochastics
  • Reactive transport, materials, processing, and microstructure interactions
  • Scalable nanomanufacturing: lithography and imaging
  • Optical and magnetic data storage
  • Nanoscale energy conversion, transfer and storage for alternative energy
  • Compact high speed turbomachinery: Design, analysis (experimental-numerical), cavity and tip flows, flow control
  • High speed propulsion: Novel cycle development, intakes, boundary layer transition, combustion
  • Development of measurement techniques and data processing
  • Simulations of nanoscale thermal transport
  • Machine learning, optimization, and high throughput design
  • Thermal management in electronics, space, and battery applications
  • Transport phenomena in additive manufacturing
  • Nanomaterials and devices for sustainable energy
  • Large eddy and direct simulations
  • Turbulent Combustion
  • Thermoacoustics
  • Non-linear acoustics
  • Heat-and-mass transfer
  • Physical oceanography and limnology
  • Numerical methods for complex geometries
  • Multiphase combustion, particularly related to propellants, explosives, and pyrotechnics
  • Nanoscale composite energetic materials
  • Advanced energetic materials
  • Microscale combustion
  • Computational solid mechanics
  • Computational geometry
  • Microelectronics reliability
  • Modeling and simulation of hydraulic systems
  • Modeling and testing of pumps and motors for fluid power applications
  • Hydraulic valves modeling and testing
  • Reduction of noise emissions in fluid power systems
  • Desalination & Water Treatment
  • Water-Food-Energy Nexus
  • Thermofluids
  • Nanotechnology
  • Membrane Science
  • Electronics cooling and packaging
  • Phase-change transport phenomena
  • Microscale and nanoscale surface engineering for enhanced thermal transport
  • Energy efficiency in thermal systems
  • Transport in porous materials
  • Microscale diagnostics and sensing
  • Heat transfer, particularly nano-scale and ultrafast heat transfer
  • Ultrafast laser materials processing and diagnostics
  • Nano-optics and laser-based nano-lithography