Energy utilization. Combustion. Thermal systems. All of these fall under the fundamental area of Thermodynamics, one of the basic principles that underlies everything else in physics. Purdue researchers put thermodynamics to work in numerous ways: from the efficient combustion of an engine, to the efficient heating and cooling of a home or office building. They also drill down the nanoscale, exploring how thermodynamics affect lithium-ion batteries, biological processes, and much more.
"Gas stations" in zero gravity: Purdue experiment establishes foundational science for cryogenic fuel depots in space
Faculty in Thermodynamics
- Modeling, Experiments and Simulations of turbulent boundary layers: role of initial conditions and bio-inspired micro-surfaces on evolution of velocity/thermal fields.
- Importance of turbulence and complex topography on wind energy.
- Integration of renewable with water and thermal storage.
- Translational research focus on renewable energy & society
- Wall interaction (e.g., bio-inspired micro surfaces) in respiratory flows
- Big data in turbulence, renewable energy and biomedical engineering.
- Energy and social equality
- Laser-absorption spectroscopy, laser-induced fluorescence, & IR imaging sensors for gas temperature, pressure, velocity, and chemical species
- Molecular spectroscopy, photophysics, & energy transfer in gases
- Energetic materials (e.g., explosives & propellants) detection & combustion
- Combustion and propulsion systems (small and large scale)
- Biomedical sensing
- Application of Artificial Intelligence for Data-Driven Modeling, Analysis, Optimization, and Control
- Physics Informed Machine Learning and Reduced-Order Modeling
- Turbulence, Combustion, Sprays, and Particle Laden Flows
- Multiscale and Multiphysics Modeling and Simulation
- Computational Fluid Dynamics and High-Performance Computing
- Energy Systems Modeling, Multi-Criteria Analysis and Decision Making
- Renewable Energy and Smart Energy Systems
- Laser spectroscopy and imaging for combustion, sprays, energetics, hypersonics, plasmas, and non-equilibrium flows
- Applications to gas-turbine, rocket, internal combustion, and scramjet engine performance, efficiency, and emissions
- Thermal-fluid behavior at the extremes, including turbulent, high-temperature, high-pressure, multiphase, and non-equilibrium reacting flows
- Discrete element method (DEM) modeling for particulate systems
- -- model development, e.g., fibrous particles, particle breakage, particle shapes
- -- application to manufacturing, e.g., storage and flow, blending, segregation, drying, coating, wet granulation
- Finite element method (FEM) modeling of powder compaction
- -- e.g., roll compaction, tableting, picking and sticking
- Multi-scale modeling (FEM combined with DEM) of powder dynamics
- -- model development and application to hopper flow, blending, and segregation