Thermodynamics   

Energy utilization. Combustion. Thermal systems. All of these fall under the fundamental area of Thermodynamics, one of the basic principles that underlies everything else in physics. Purdue researchers put thermodynamics to work in numerous ways: from the efficient combustion of an engine, to the efficient heating and cooling of a home or office building. They also drill down the nanoscale, exploring how thermodynamics affect lithium-ion batteries, biological processes, and much more.

Faculty in Thermodynamics

  • Modeling, analysis, and control of thermal systems
  • Modeling, Experiments and Simulations of turbulent boundary layers: role of initial conditions and bio-inspired micro-surfaces on evolution of velocity/thermal fields.
  • Importance of turbulence and complex topography on wind energy.
  • Integration of renewable with water and thermal storage.
  • Translational research focus on renewable energy & society
  • Wall interaction (e.g., bio-inspired micro surfaces) in respiratory flows
  • Big data in turbulence, renewable energy and biomedical engineering.
  • Energy and social equality
  • Indoor and outdoor airflow modeling by computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and measurements
  • Building ventilation systems
  • Indoor air quality (IAQ)
  • Energy analysis
  • Laser-absorption spectroscopy, laser-induced fluorescence, & IR imaging sensors for gas temperature, pressure, velocity, and chemical species
  • Molecular spectroscopy, photophysics, & energy transfer in gases
  • Energetic materials (e.g., explosives & propellants) detection & combustion
  • Combustion and propulsion systems (small and large scale)
  • Biomedical sensing
  • Sustainable energy and environment
  • Combustion and turbulent reacting flows
  • Combustion and heat transfer in materials
  • Biomedical flows and heat transfer
  • Global policy research
  • Thermal sciences as applied to HVAC&R systems and equipment
  • Application of Artificial Intelligence for Data-Driven Modeling, Analysis, Optimization and Control
  • Turbulence, Combustion, Sprays, and Particle Laden Flows
  • Multiscale and Multiphysics Modeling and Simulation
  • Renewable Energy
  • High Performance Computing
  • Dynamic modeling and optimal control; model predictive control; decentralized control
  • Thermodynamics-based optimization; entropy generation minimization; exergy analysis
  • Integrated energy management and storage in distributed energy systems, building systems
  • Laser diagnostics
  • Diode-laser-based sensors
  • Gas turbine and internal engine combustion
  • Materials processing and synthesis
  • Combustion science
  • Fluid mechanics and heat transfer
  • Laser spectroscopy and imaging for combustion, sprays, energetics, hypersonics, plasmas, and non-equilibrium flows
  • Applications to gas-turbine, rocket, internal combustion, and scramjet engine performance, efficiency, and emissions
  • Thermal-fluid behavior at the extremes, including turbulent, high-temperature, high-pressure, multiphase, and non-equilibrium reacting flows
  • Gas turbine combustion
  • Internal combustion engines
  • Laser-based spectroscopy
  • Nanoscale heat transfer and energy conversion
  • Multiscale multiphysics simulations of nanomaterials for energy applications
  • Photovoltaic nanomaterials: simulation, synthesis, and devices
  • Thermoelectric nanomaterials: simulation, synthesis and devices
  • Nanoscale thermal radiation and nano-photonics
  • Large eddy and direct simulations
  • Turbulent Combustion
  • Thermoacoustics
  • Non-linear acoustics
  • Heat-and-mass transfer
  • Physical oceanography and limnology
  • Numerical methods for complex geometries
  • Spray and spray measurements
  • Fluid mechanic instability
  • Multiphase combustion, particularly related to propellants, explosives, and pyrotechnics
  • Nanoscale composite energetic materials
  • Advanced energetic materials
  • Microscale combustion
  • Desalination & Water Treatment
  • Water-Food-Energy Nexus
  • Thermofluids
  • Nanotechnology
  • Membrane Science
  • Electronics cooling and packaging
  • Phase-change transport phenomena
  • Microscale and nanoscale surface engineering for enhanced thermal transport
  • Energy efficiency in thermal systems
  • Transport in porous materials
  • Microscale diagnostics and sensing
  • Heat transfer, particularly nano-scale and ultrafast heat transfer
  • Ultrafast laser materials processing and diagnostics
  • Nano-optics and laser-based nano-lithography