Publications

main_figure1

RealFusion: An Interactive Workflow for Repurposing Real-World Objects towards Early-stage Creative Ideation

Cecil Piya, Vinayak, Yunbo Zhang, Karthik Ramani
In Proceedings of Graphics Interface 2016, Victoria, BC, Canada
PDF PDF
CardBoardiZer

CardBoardiZer: Creatively Customize, Articulate and Fold 3D Mesh Models

Yunbo Zhang,Wei Gao, Luis Paredes, Karthik Ramani
Proceedings of the 2016 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (pp. 897-907). ACM.
PDF PDF
PMC_Cover

Wearable Textile Input Device with Multimodal Sensing for Eyes-Free Mobile Interaction during Daily Activities

Sang Ho Yoon, Ke Huo, Karthik Ramani
Pervasive and Mobile Computing (Elsevier), Available online 29 April 2016, ISSN 1574-1192, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pmcj.2016.04.008
PDF
yunbo

Optimal Fitting of Strain-Controlled Flattenable Mesh Surfaces

Yunbo Zhang, Charlie C. L. Wang, Karthik Ramani
The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 1-15.
cubimorph

Cubimorph: Designing Modular Handheld Shape Changing Devices for End-Users

Roudaut, Anne and Krusteva, Diana and Karnik, Abhijit Anil and McCoy, Mike and Ramani, Karthik and Subramanian, Sriram
The International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA) 2016, Stockholm, Sweden.
PDF PDF
Picture5

DeepHand: Robust Hand Pose Estimation by Completing a Matrix Imputed with Deep Features

Ayan Sinha*, Chiho Choi*, and Karthik Ramani (* denotes equal contribution)
In Proc. IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR) 2016, Las Vegas, USA. To appear.
MobiSweep_FeatureImg

MobiSweep: Exploring Spatial Design Ideation Using a Smartphone as a Hand-held Reference Plane

Vinayak, Devarajan Ramanujan, Cecil Piya, Karthik Ramani
In Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference on Tangible, Embedded, and Embodied Interaction, Netherlands, 2016
PDF PDF
TMotion

TMotion: Embedded 3D Mobile Input using Magnetic Sensing Technique

Sang Ho Yoon, Ke Huo, Karthik Ramani
Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Tangible, Embedded, and Embodied Interaction, Feb 14-17, Eindhoven, Netherlands. pp 21-29, 2016
PDF PDF
Fig1

Interventions for Teaching Sketching Skills and Reducing Inhibition for Novice Engineering Designers

Joran W. Booth, Elkin A. Taborda, Karthik Ramani, and Tahira Reid
Design Studies, 43, 1-23.
PDF
RevoMaker

RevoMaker: Enabling Multi-directional and Functionally-embedded 3D Printing using a Rotational Cuboidal Platform

Wei Gao*, Yunbo Zhang*, Diogo C. Nazzetta, Karthik Ramani, Raymond J. Cipra
In Proceedings of ACM Symposium on User Interface Software and Technology, (UIST '15), Charlotte, NC, USA
PDF PDF
CAG2015

Extracting Hand Grasp & Motion for Intent Expression in Mid-Air Shape Deformation: A Concrete & Iterative Exploration through a Virtual Pottery Application

Vinayak and Karthik Ramani
Computers & Graphics, Volume 55, April 2016, Pages 143-156, ISSN 0097-8493, (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cag.2015.10.012.)
PDF PDF
fig

A Collaborative Filtering Approach to Real-Time Hand Pose Estimation

Chiho Choi, Ayan Sinha, Joon Hee Choi, Sujin Jang, and Karthik Ramani
In Proc. IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV) 2015, Santiago, Chile.
PDF PDF
anirudh idetc2

Bridging The Gaps: Augmenting Design Learning Through Computer-Aided Exploration

Anirudh Roshan Sriram, DeLean Tolbert , Monica Cardella , Karthik Ramani
Proceedings of the ASME 2015 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences & International Conference on Design Education, IDETC/DEC 2015, August 30-September 2, 2015, Boston, USA
PDF
Picture2

Empirical Studies of Functional Decomposition in Early Design

Joran W. Booth, Ahbinav Bhasin, Tahira Reid, and Karthik Ramani
Proceedings of the ASME 2015 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences & Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, IDETC/CIE 2015 August 2-5, 2015, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
PDF
Figure-CDEsignWebsite2

Comparing Functional Analysis Methods for Product Dissection Tasks

Joran W. Booth, Tahira N. Reid, Claudia Eckert, Karthik Ramani
Journal of Mechanical Design J. Mech. Des 137(8), 081101 (Aug 01, 2015) (10 pages) doi: 10.1115/1.4030232
PDF
MotionFlow for pattern analysis of human motion data. (a) Pose tree: a simplified representation of multiple motion sequences
aggregating the same transitions into a tree diagram. (b) A window dedicated to show a subtree structure based on a query. (c)
Space-filling treemap representation of the motion sequence data using slice-and-dice layout. (d) Node-link diagram of pose
clusters (nodes) and transitions (links) between them. This view supports interactive partition-based pose clustering. (e) Multi-tab
interface for storing unique motion patterns. (f) Animations of single or multiple selected human motions.

MotionFlow: Visual Abstraction and Aggregation of Sequential Patterns in Human Motion Tracking Data

Sujin Jang, Niklas Elmqvist, and Karthik Ramani
IEEE Transaction on Visualization and Computer Graphics (TVCG) vol.22, no.1, pp.21-30, Jan. 31, 2016 / IEEE Conference on Visual Analytics Science and Technology (VAST) Oct. 25-30, Chicago, IL, 2015. In print.
PDF PDF
screenShot4

A framework for visualization-driven eco-conscious design exploration

Deverajan Ramanujan, William Z. Bernstein, William Benjamin, Karthik Ramani, Niklas Elmqvist, Devadatta Kulkarni, Jeffrey Tew
Journal of Computing and Information Science in Engineering. 2015 Dec 1;15(4):041010.
PDF
ViSER_screenshot

Mutually coordinated visualization of product and supply chain metadata for sustainable design

William Z. Bernstein, Devarajan Ramanujan, Devadatta Kulkarni, Jeffrey Tew, Niklas Elmqvist, Fu Zhao, Karthik Ramani
Journal of Mechanical Design. 2015 Dec 1;137(12):121101.
PDF
Handimate_IDC

HandiMate: Exploring a Modular Robotics kit for Animating Crafted Toys

Sang Ho Yoon†, Ansh Verma†, Kylie Peppler, Karthik Ramani
Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Interaction Design & Children, Tufts University, June 21-24, 2015
PDF PDF
FrontFig

The Status, Challenges, and Future of Additive Manufacturing in Engineering

Wei Gao, Yunbo Zhang, Devarajan Ramanujan, Karthik Ramani, Yong Chen, Christopher B. Williams, Charlie C.L. Wang, Yung C. Shin, Song Zhang, Pablo D. Zavattieri
Computer-Aided Design, doi:10.1016/j.cad.2015.04.001
PDF
gi2015

Hand Grasp and Motion for Intent Expression in Mid-Air Virtual Pottery

Vinayak and Karthik Ramani
In Proceedings of Graphics Interface 2015 (GI '15). Canadian Information Processing Society, Toronto, Ont., Canada, Canada
PDF PDF
Proximal Persistence

A Gesture-free Geometric Approach for Mid-Air Expression of Design Intent

Vinayak and Karthik Ramani
Computer-Aided Design (Elsevier), Available online 17 July 2015, ISSN 0010-4485, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cad.2015.06.006.
PDF PDF
sketcholution

Sketcholution: Interaction Histories for Sketching

Zhenpeng Zhao, William Benjamin, Niklas Elmqvist, Karthik Ramani
International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 82 (2015) 11–20
PDF PDF
interface_v2

Informing Early Design Via Crowd-based Co-creation

Devarajan Ramanujan, Vinayak, Yash Nawal, Tahira Reid, Karthik Ramani
ASME International Design Engineering Technical Conferences, August 2-5, Boston ,MA
PDF
Handimate_Teaser

HandiMate: Create and Animate using everyday objects

Jasjeet Singh Seehra, Ansh Verma, Kylie Peppler, Karhik Ramani
Proceedings of the ACM Conference on Tangible Embedded and Embodied Interactions, Stanford University, January 15-19, 2015
PDF PDF
ponejournal

Heat-Passing Framework for Robust Interpretation of Data in Networks

Yi Fang, Mengtian Sun, Karthik Ramani
PLoS ONE 10(2), doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0116121, 2015
PDF
file148-2

TIMMi: Finger-worn Textile Input Device with Multimodal Sensing in Mobile Interaction

Sang Ho Yoon, Vinh Nguyen, Ke Huo, Karthik Ramani
Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Tangible, Embedded, and Embodied Interaction, Jan 15-19, Stanford University, USA. pp 269-272, 2015
PDF PDF
Softii

SOFTii: Soft Tangible Interface for Continuous Control of Virtual Objects with Pressure-based Input

Vinh Nguyen, Pramod Kumar, Sang Ho Yoon, Ansh Verma, Karthik Ramani
Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Tangible, Embedded, and Embodied Interaction, Jan 15-19, Stanford University, USA. pp 539-544, 2015
PDF
thumnail

GestureAnalyzer: Visual Analytics for Pattern Analysis of Mid-Air Hand Gestures

Sujin Jang, Niklas Elmqvist, Karthik Ramani
Proceedings of the ACM Symposium on Spatial User Interaction, October 4-5, 2014, Honolulu, HI, USA
PDF PDF
Plex

Plex: Finger-Worn Textile Sensor for Mobile Interaction during Activities

Sang Ho Yoon, Ke Huo, Karthik Ramani
Proceedings of the International Joint Conference on Pervasive and Ubiquitous Computing: Adjunct Publication, Sep 13-17, Seattle, USA. pp 191-194, 2014.
PDF
BendID

BendID: Flexible Interface for Localized Deformation Recognition

Vinh Nguyen, Sang Ho Yoon, Ansh Verma, Karthik Ramani
Proceedings of the ACM international Joint Conference on Pervasive and Ubiquitous Computing, Sep 13-17, Seattle, USA. pp 553-557, 2014
PDF PDF
100_2888

Art Meets Engineering Design: An Approach for Reducing Sketch Inhibition in Engineers During the Design Process

Joran W. Booth, Abhinav K. Bhasin, and Karthik Ramani
ASME IDETC/CIE 2014
PDF
IMG_0737

Evaluating the Bottom-Up Method for Functional Decomposition in Product Dissection Tasks

Joran W. Booth, Abhinav K. Bhasin, Tahira Reid, Karthik Ramani
ASME IDETC/CIE 2014
PDF
AHP_pipeline

Prioritizing Design for Environment Strategies Using a Stochastic Analytic Hierarchy Process

Devarajan Ramanujan, William Z. Bernstein, Mikko Koho, Fu Zhao, Karthik Ramani
Journal of Mechanical Design, 136(7), 071002
PDF
4

KINETOGAMI, A Reconfigurable and Printable Sheet Folding

Wei Gao, Karthik Ramani, Raymond J. Cipra and Thomas Siegmund
ASME Journal of Mechanical Design, 135(11), doi: 10.1115/1.4025506, 2013
PDF PDF
thumbs

Contextualizing Environmental Sustainability in Design Engineering Curricula

Devarajan Ramanujan, William Z. Bernstein, Monica Cardella, Karthik Ramani
ASME IDETC/CIE 2014
PDF
graphical_abstract

PROTO-TAI: Quick Design Prototyping using Tangible Assisted Interfaces

Cecil Piya, Karthik Ramani
Proceedings of the ASME 2014 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences & Computers and Information in Engineering Conference IDETC/CIE 2014, August 16-20, 2014, Buffalo, NY, USA
PDF PDF
Lateral and vertical transformations observed in the study. Lateral transformations can occur through modification of an existing sketch, or through the creation of a new sketch inspired from an existing sketch, to create a new idea. Vertical transformations can occur through adding details such as dimensions,  annotations, or features to an existing sketch, or through a new sketch showing a different detail, to develop an existing idea.

Collaborative Sketching with skWiki: A Case Study

Senthil Chandrasegaran, Sriram Karthik Badam, Zhenpeng Zhao, Niklas Elmqvist, Lorraine Kisselburgh, Karthik Ramani
Proceedings of the ASME IDETC/CIE Conference, Aug 17-20,Buffalo, NY, 2014.
PDF PDF
We present a screenshot of the ViSER tool. The supply chain shown is representative of the peripheral computer equipment industry. Each callout points to a specific feature of the ViSER platform and are described as follows: (A) a directed graph that represents the supply chain network as the edges connected to the selected nodes are shown in red, (B) a representation fo the product system graph oriented by a combination of force directed physics and user manipulation, (C) change propagation results for selected nodes of interest, (D) a comparison chart of impact categories for selected nodes of interest, (E) sparklines for each criterion with outliers shown in red and (F) the profile of selected node attributes, e.g.\ time and smog. A video demonstration of ViSER can be found here: \href{http://youtu.be/pDJAqW9H3ME}{\textcolor{blue}{http://youtu.be/pDJAqW9H3ME}}.

ViSER: Visualizing supply chains for eco-conscious redesign

William Z. Bernstein, Devarajan Ramanujan, Niklas Elmqvist, Fu Zhao, Karthik Ramani
ASME 2014 IDETC/CIE DFMLC
PDF PDF
jcp_2014

Remanufacturing of Turbine Blades by Laser Direct Deposition with Its Energy and Environmental Impact Analysis

J. Michael Wilson, Cecil Piya, Yung C. Shin, Fu Zhao, Karthik Ramani
Journal of Cleaner Production 80 (2014), 170 - 178
PDF
3

HexaMorph: A Reconfigurable and Foldable Hexapod Robot Inspired by Origami

Wei Gao, Ke Huo, Jasjeet S. Seehra, Karthik Ramani, and Raymond J. Cipra
IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS'14) , Chicago, September, 2014
PDF PDF
ChiroBot

ChiroBot: Modular-Robotic Manipulation via Spatial Hand Gestures.

Jasjeet Singh Seehra, Ansh Verma and Karthik Ramani
Proceedings of the 2014 conference on Interaction design and children (IDC '14). ACM, New York, NY, USA, 209-212.
PDF PDF
anirudh asee

IDEA-Pen: Interactive Design and Analysis through a Pen-based Interface

Anirudh Roshan Sriram, Monica E Cardella, Karthik Ramani
121st ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition, Indianapolis, IN, June 15-18, 2014
PDF
FrameworkExample

PuppetX: A Framework for Gestural Interactions With User Constructed Playthings

Saikat Gupta, Sujin Jang, and Karthik Ramani
Proceedings of the ACM Conference on Advanced Visual Interfaces, May 27-30, Como, Italy. pp. 73-80, 2014
PDF
comparison

Tracing and Sketching Performance using Blunt-tipped Styli on Direct-Touch Tablets

Sriram Karthik Badam, Senthil Chandrasegaran,Niklas Elmqvist, and Karthik Ramani
Proceedings of the ACM Conference on Advanced Visual Interfaces, May 27-30, Como, Italy. pp. 193-200, 2014
PDF
FeatureImage

zPots : A Virtual Pottery Experience Through Spatial Interactions Using the Leap Motion Device

Vinayak, Karthik Ramani, Kevin Lee Jr., Raja Jasti
Proceedings of the ACM CHI' 14 Extended Abstracts on Human Factors in Computing System (CHI EA'14) April 26- May 1, Toronto, Canada.
PDF
Chiron.

Chiron: Interpreting signals from Capacitive Patterns and Inertial Sensors for intuitive Shape Modeling.

Ansh Verma, Gabriel Culberston and Karthik Ramani
Proceeding of the ACM CHI' 14 Extended Abstracts on Human Factors in Computing System (CHI EA'14) April 26- May 1, Toronto, Canada. To appear, 2014.
PDF
Figure: Detail of final robot illustration by an artist created using Juxtapoze while freely exploring (10 min). The task log shows substantial
time spent on edits and personalization of constituent shapes.

Juxtapoze: Supporting Serendipity and Creative Expression in Clipart Compositions

William Benjamin, Senthil Chandrasegaran, Devarajan Ramanujan, Niklas Elmqvist, SVN Vishwanathan, Karthik Ramani
Proceedings of the ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, April 26 - May 1, Toronto, Canada. pp 341-350, 2014.
PDF PDF
teaser

skWiki: A Multimedia Sketching System for Collaborative Creativity

Zhenpeng Zhao, Sriram Karthik Badam, Senthil Chandrasegaran, Deok Gun Park, Niklas Elmqvist, Lorraine Kisselburgh, and Karthik Ramani
Proceedings of the ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, April 26 - May 1, Toronto, Canada. pp. 1235-1244, 2014.
PDF PDF
AbstractionDiagram

Understanding Abstraction In Design: A Comparison of Three Functional Analysis Methods for Product Dissection

Joran Booth, Tahira Reid, Karthik Ramani
ASME IDETC/CIE 2013
PDF