ECE 69500 - Quantum Detectors and Sensors

Lecture Hours: 3 Credits: 3

Areas of Specialization(s):

Fields and Optics

Counts as:
CMPE Complementary Elective
EE Elective

Experimental Course Offered: Spring 2021

Requisites:
ECE 30100, ECE 30411

Requisites by Topic:
Fourier series, Fourier Transforms, Wave equation, Maxwell's equation, Basics of solid state physics such as fermi function etc. Graduate students will benefit from taking ECE 60400 concurrently or prior to this course

Catalog Description:
Classical detectors and sensors are ubiquitous around us from heat sensors in cars to light detectors in a camera cell phone. Leveraging advances in the theory of noise and measurement, an important paradigm of quantum metrology has emerged. Here, ultra-precision measurement devices collect maximal information from the world around us at the quantum limit. This enables a new frontier of perception that promises to impact machine learning, autonomous navigation, surveillance strategies, information processing, and communication systems. Students in this indepth course will learn the fundamentals about state-of-the-art quantum detectors and sensors. They will also learn about quantum noise and how it limits quantum devices. The primary goal of the course is to empower students with a critical and deep understanding of emerging applications at the quantum-classical boundary. This will allow them to adopt quantum detectors and sensors for their own endeavors.

Required Text(s): None.

Recommended Text(s):
  1. Introductory Quantum Optics, Gerry and Knight, Cambridge University Press.

Lecture Outline:

Weeks Topics
1 Bosons vs. Fermions
2 Bosonic Harmonic Oscillator
3 Two-Level Atoms
4 Fluctuation-Dissipation Theorem
5 Vacuum Fluctuations
6 Classical Detectors
7 Single Photon Avalanche Detectors
8 Superconducting Detectors
9 Quantum Interference
10 Quantum Non-Demolition Measurement
11 Coherent States and Squeezed States
12 Quantum Interferometry
13 Quantum Fisher Information
14 Nitrogen Vacancy Centers in Diamond
15 Quantum Phase Transition Based Sensing/ Detection