Advanced Thermodynamics

Fundamental laws of thermodynamics and their application to thermal systems; second-law analysis, and the concept of exergy and its usefulness in optimizing thermal systems; introduction to chemical thermodynamics, and phase and chemical equilibrium; thermodynamics of combustion systems, heat transfer associated with combustion reactions, and equilibrium composition of the products of combustion.


Credit Hours:


Learning Objective:

  1. Build an appreciation for the fundamentals and practical applications of classical thermodynamics
  2. Enhance your understanding of thermodynamic principles and their relevance to the problems of mankind
  3. Apply thermodynamic principles to predict physical phenomena and solve engineering problems


ME 50000 covers the fundamentals and physical basis of the laws of thermodynamics, availability and exergy concepts and applications, properties, and relations between properties in homogeneous and heterogeneous systems, the criteria of equilibrium and the application to a variety of systems and problems, including phase and reaction equilibrium, vapor compression systems, combustion, and fuel cells, among others. Topics are investigated in depth, and students should leave ME 50000 with a good appreciation for the fundamentals and practical applications of classical thermodynamics.

Fall 2024 Syllabus

Topics Covered:

Lecture Topic
1 Introduction and Course Overview; First Law for Closed Systems
2 First Law for Closed and Open Systems
3 Transient Analysis
4 EES Introduction/Examples
5 Introduction to Second Law; The Future of Reliable Energy Supply
6 The Future of Reliable Energy Supply; Second Law of Concepts
7 Entropy Production in Closed and Open Systems
8 Entropy Production in Open Systems and Cyclic Devices
9 Applications of Second Law Analyses & Exam 1 Review
10 Exam 1 Review; Useful Work - Availability Analysis
11 Availability Analysis, Closed Systems
12 Exam #1, Lectures 1-9
13 Availability Analysis, Open Systems
14 Availability Analysis, Cycles
15 Equation of State (Part I); Equation of State (Part II)
16 Equation of State (Part II); General Thermodynamic Relations (Part I)
17 General Thermodynamic Relations (Part II); Liquid-Vapor Phase Change
18 Liquid-Vapor Phase Change; Review of EoS & Therm. Relations, Exam 2 Review
19 Partial Properties (Part I); Partial Properties (Part II)
20 Exam #2, Lectures 10-18
21 Fugacity (Part I); Fugacity (Part II)
22 Fugacity (Part II); Ideal Solutions
23 Equilibrium of Multi-Component Systems; Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium
24 Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium; Review Partial Prop./Multi-Component Systems
25 Thermochemistry; Second Law, Chemical Reactions
26 Second Law, Chemical Reactions; Fuel Cells
27 Exam #3, Lectures 19-26
28 Equilibrium Reaction and Affinity; Equilibrium Constants, Ideal/Real Gas Mixtures
29 Equilibrium Constants, Real Gas Mixtures; Equilibrium Constants; Chemical Availability
30 Chemical Availability - Overview; Semester Review
Finals Final Exam [Optional], Lectures 1-40
Homework assignments are indicated on the course syllabus. The homework problem statements are provided in a separate document at the beginning of the semester. Homework problems are illustrative of the general material and of problems found on exams. Homework problems are assigned to prepare the students for the exams and integrate in-class examples. Homework problems will not be graded, but submission of minimum 50% of HW problem assigned per each mid-term exam period will contribute to 10% of the final grade. Solutions to all assigned homework problems will be posted on Brightspace on a weekly basis.




Three exams, one final.





  • [Preferred] Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics, M.J. Moran, H.N. Shapiro, D.D. Boettner, and M.B. Bailey, 6th and above Edition, John Wiley and Sons
  • Thermodynamics - An Engineering Approach, Y.A. Cengel and M.A. Boles, Any Edition, McGraw-Hill

Computer Requirements:

A non-linear equation solver with built-in thermodynamic properties will be used in this course. This computer program, called Engineering Equation Solver (EES), was developed by F-Chart Software and is available to Purdue students in labs and remotely. Instructions for using the EES program will be given in class. A User's Manual for the program is also available for further reference hereDocumentation and examples will be made available on Brightspace. 

Anaconda/Python/MATLAB can also be used as an alternative