Final Defense: George (Joji) Nishibuchi

Event Date: June 12, 2023
Time: 9:00am
Location: DLRC 131 or via WebEx
Priority: No
School or Program: Materials Engineering
College Calendar: Show

"Properties of Infrared Transparent Optical Ceramics via DFT”

George (Joji) Nishibuchi, MSE PhD Candidate 

Advisor: Professor Alejandro Strachan

WebEx Link


Ceramics with novel optical properties have enabled substantial advances in technologies ranging from medical imaging to fish finding. Hypersonic aerospace applications often utilize infrared (IR) imaging for guiding and target identification. Sensors utilized in the detection and measurement of IR radiation cannot withstand the extreme environments intrinsic to hypersonic travel, and thus must be protected from the surrounding environment while minimizing distortion of incident IR radiation. Towards this end, IR transparent ceramics have been developed that can withstand the extreme environments of hypersonic travel, while maintaining their optical and mechanical properties. The binary II-VI semiconductor Zinc Sulfide (ZnS) has been primarily utilized for this application due to its strong transmission of 8-10 μ𝑚𝑚 IR radiation in combination with the stability of its mechanical properties at the elevated temperatures experienced at high airspeeds. While it has proven to be a capable material for the application, previous testing has found it to degrade and fail catastrophically when exposed to sand or water at subsonic speeds. This created a search for materials with similar IR transmittance properties to ZnS but with higher strength and resistance to degradation. The ternary sulfide Calcium Lanthanum Sulfide (CLS, CaLa2S4) was discovered in the early 1980s, with an extended IR transmission window of 8-12 μ𝑚𝑚 in contrast to the 8-10 μ𝑚𝑚 transmission window of ZnS. In combination with more favorable mechanical properties than ZnS, CaLa2S4 has become a promising candidate towards the manufacture of stronger IR windows for aerospace applications. To expand the existing body of knowledge on this ternary sulfide and towards the advancement of IR window materials, this work seeks to utilize density functional theory to characterize defects and optical properties of CLS to guide future investigations of this material system.

2023-06-12 09:00:00 2023-06-12 10:00:00 America/Indiana/Indianapolis Final Defense: George (Joji) Nishibuchi DLRC 131 or via WebEx