Xiaoping Bao

William K. Luckow Assistant Professor

FRNY 1158
Purdue University
School of Chemical Engineering
Forney Hall of Chemical Engineering
480 Stadium Mall Drive
West Lafayette, IN 47907-2100
(765) 496-3094 (office)
(765) 494-0805 (fax)
Joined Purdue in 2019
B.S., Tsinghua University, Chemical Engineering, 2011
PhD, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Chemical and Biological Engineering, 2016
Postdoctoral Fellow, University of California, Berkeley, 2016-2018

Research Interests

Human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs), including human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) and induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs), represent a potentially inexhaustible supply of human cells for regenerative medicine, due to their ability of self-renewal and the capacity to differentiate into specialized cell types. In order to realize their full therapeutic potential, a number of challenges need to be overcome. One of the most important prerequisites is to be able to generate, under defined conditions, adequate numbers of the target cell type at sufficient purity and with the appropriate cellular functions.

The major research interest in the Bao lab is to use innovative technologies to engineer stem cells as models of human development and disease, as well to develop cellular and molecular therapies as next-generation of medicine for degenerative diseases, including neurological disorders, heart diseases, β cells for diabetes, T cells for cancers, et al. Our specific interests include:

Stem cell differentiation and biomanufacturing

Live cells are promising drugs for degenerative diseases, yet it remains challenge to generate and manufacture pure target cells from human pluripotent stem cells. We aim to develop new protocols and insights into cardiac cells for heart diseases.

Human disease modeling and gene editing

Gene therapy holds great promise to treat a number of inherited genetic disorders, including leukemia, Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD) et al. We are combining biomaterials, CRISPR/Cas9-based genome editing and adeno-associated virus (AAV)-mediated gene delivery to generate diseased organoids and to develop novel gene therapies.

Bioinformatives and computational biology

We aspire to develop and use statistical and computational methods to better understand gene evolution and function during human development and diseases. In particular, we are interested to analyze the high-throughput sequencing data and investigate the functions of the long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) during heart development and disease.

Research Group

Graduate Students

  • Yibo Xu

Research Associates

  • Open Positions: Prospective students and postdoctoral candidates with a background in bioengineering, cell and molecular biology, animal models, or other related area are encouraged to apply. Undergraduate students, exchange students or scholars are also welcome to join the lab. If you are interested, please send your CV to Dr. Bao at bao61@purdue.edu.

Awards and Honors

American Heart Association (AHA) Postdoctoral Fellowship, 2018
Outstanding Self-Financed Students Aboard, China, 2016
Stem Cell & Regenerative Medicine Center (SCRMC) Fellowship, UW-Madison, 2015
Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corp. Scholarship, Tsinghua University, 2010
National Scholarship of China, Tsinghua University, 2009
Mitsui Chemicals Scholarship, Tsinghua University, 2008

Selected Publications

Google Scholar


Jiang Y, Zhou Y, Bao X, Chen C, Randolph LN, Du J, Lian XL. An Ultrasensitive Calcium Reporter System via CRISPR-Cas9-Mediated Genome Editing in Human Pluripotent Stem. iScience . 2018 Nov 30;9:27-35. doi: 10.1016/j.isci.2018.10.007.

Qian T, Maguire SE, Canfield SG, Bao X, Olson WR, Shusta EV, Palecek SP. Directed differentiation of human pluripotent stem cells to blood-brain barrier endothelial cells. Sci Adv. 2017 Nov 3;(11):e1701679. doi: 10.1126/sciadv.1701679.

Bao X, Lian X, Qian T, Bhute VJ, Han T, Palecek SP. Directed differentiation and long-term maintenance of epicardial cells derived from human pluripotent stem cells under fully defined conditions. Nat Protoc. 2017 Sep 12;(9):1890-1900. doi: 10.1038/nprot.2017.080.

Bao X, Bhute VJ, Han T, Qian T, Lian X, Palecek SP. Human pluripotent stem cell-derived epicardial progenitors can differentiate to endocardial-like endothelial cells. Bioeng Transl Med. 2017 Jun;2;(2): 191-201. doi: 10.1002/btm2.10062.

Bhute VJ, Bao X, Dunn KK, Knutson KR, McCurry EC, Jin G, Lee WH, Lewis S, Ikeda A, Palecek SP. Metabolomics Identifies Metabolic Markers of Maturation in Human Pluripotent Stem Cell-Derived Cardiomyocytes. Theranostics 2017 7;(7):2078-2091. doi: 10.7150/thno.19390.

Bao X, Lian X, Hacker TA, Schmuck EG, Qian T, Bhute VJ, Han T, Shi M, Drowley L, Plowright A, Wang QD, Goumans MJ, Palecek SP. Long-term self-renewing human epicardial cells generated from pluripotent stem cells under defined xeno-free conditions. Nat Biomed Eng. 2016 1; doi: 10.1038/s41551-016-0003.

Lian X, Bao X, Zilberter M, Westman M, Fisahn A, Hsiao C, Hazeltine LB, Dunn KK, Kamp TJ, Palecek SP. Chemically defined, albumin-free human cardiomyocyte generation. Nat Methods. 2015 Jul:12(7): 595-6. doi: 10.1038/nmeth.3448.

Bao X, Lian X, Dunn KK, Shi M, Han T, Qian T, Bhute VJ, Canfield SG, Palecek SP. Chemically-defined albumin-free differentiation of human pluripotent stem cells to endothelial progenitor cells. Stem Cell Res. 2015 Jul:15(1): 122-129. doi: 10.1016/j.scr.2015.05.004. (F1000Prime).


"Methods for epicardial differentiation of human pluripotent stem cells", Palecek SP, Bao X, Lian X., US Patent, US10131878B2 (2018).

"Chemically defined albumin-free conditions for cardiomyocyte differentiation of human pluripotent stem cells", Palecek SP, Lian X, Bao X., US Patent, US9765299 B2 (2017).

"Simplified methods for generating endothelial cells from human pluripotent stem cells under defined conditions:, Palecek SP, Lian X, Bao X., US Patent, US9290741 B2 (2016).