Streamer Discharges in Lightning, Sprites and Plasma Bullets

Event Date: October 12, 2011
Speaker: Ningyu Liu, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor
Physics and Space Sciences
Speaker Affiliation: Florida Institute of Technology
Time: 3:30 P.M.
Location: WTHR 200
Prof. Ningyu Liu
Prof. Ningyu Liu

Abstract:
Plasma discharges are widely used in industrial applications such as materials processing, pollution control, and medical treatment. An effective method to create plasmas is through electrical breakdown of gases, which is the process of producing charged particles by applying a strong electric field to the gases. The very early stage of the electrical breakdown is the development of ionization waves, also known as streamer discharges. In this seminar, we will discuss three plasma discharge phenomena: lightning, sprites and plasma bullets, where streamers play critical roles in their dynamics. Lightning is a well known atmospheric phenomenon during thunderstorms. However, how lightning is initiated in thunderclouds remains unclear after many years of research. Sprites are massive, luminous phenomena in the earth’s lower ionosphere, which were discovered about twenty years ago. Active research work is currently being carried out to investigate how these mysterious phenomena appear at such high altitudes in the earth’s atmosphere. Plasma bullets are an innovative means to create plasmas in open space in air. They exhibit very attractive properties for potential biomedical applications such as wound healing and blood coagulation. Here we will present computer simulation results on streamer discharges and show how our modeling efforts advance the understanding of those three different plasma phenomena.

Brief Bio:
Ningyu Liu is an assistant professor of physics and space sciences at Florida Institute of Technology. He received his Ph.D. in electrical engineering from Pennsylvania State University in 2006. He joined the faculty of Florida Tech in Spring 2008, after completing his postdoctoral study at Penn State sponsored by NSF CEDAR Postdoctoral Fellowship. Dr. Liu’s research interests include low temperature plasmas, plasma assisted materials processing, gas discharge physics, spark discharges, transient luminous events, space science, and computational physics. He has published 14 articles in refereed journals and about 70 conference abstracts and proceedings papers. His journal publications have been cited over 350 times in the refereed scientific literature. Dr. Liu is a member of IEEE, International Union of Radio Science (URSI), American Geophysical Union, and Sigma Xi. Dr. Liu was a recipient of URSI Young Scientist Award in 2008. In 2010, Dr. Liu received the NSF Faculty Early Career Development (CAREER) Program Award.

 

2011-10-12 16:30:00 2011-10-12 17:30:00 America/New_York Streamer Discharges in Lightning, Sprites and Plasma Bullets WTHR 200