Li Qiao

Li Qiao

2007 - Associate Professor

Degrees

B.S., Tsinghua University, Engineering Mechanics, 1999
M.S., Tsinghua Univeristy, Engineering Mechanics, 2001
Ph.D., University of Michigan, Aerospace Engineering, 2007

Contact

701 W. Stadium Ave.
West Lafayette, IN 47907-2045

Office: ARMS 3221
Office Phone: 765-494-2040
Email: lqiao@purdue.edu
Webpage: http://web.ics.purdue.edu/~lqiao

Interests

High-performance fuels for high-speed propulsion systems, alternative and synthetic fuels, fuel synthesis by coal/biomass gasification, endothermic fuels, nanoscale energetic materials, laser diagnostics, experimental fluid dynamics, supersonic and hypersonic combustion, and advanced propellant and propulsion concepts.

Awards and Major Appointments

  • NSF CAREER Award, 2013

  • AFOSR Young Investigator Award, 2013

  • NASA Glenn Summer Faculty Fellowship, 2011

  • Combustion Art Competition 2nd Place Prize, “Dr. Combustion,” the Combustion Institute, 2011

  • Army Research Office Young Investigator Award, 2010

  • Air Force Summer Faculty Fellowship, 2010

  • Combustion Art Competition 2nd Place Prize, the Central States Section of the Combustion Institute, 2010

  • Rackham Predoctoral Fellowship, University of Michigan, 2006-2007

  • Barbour Fellowship, University of Michigan, 2006-2007 (declined)

  • Engineering Graduate Student Symposium Oral Presentation 1st Place Prize in Heat Transfer Session, University of Michigan, 2006

  • Margaret Ayers Host Award for Exceptional Scholarly Achievement, University of Michigan, 2005

  • Marian Sarah Parker Prize for Academic Excellence and Leadership Qualities in Engineering, University of Michigan, 2005

  • Amelia Earhart Fellowship, Zonta International Foundation, 2004, 2005

  • Rackham Engineering Awards Fellowship, University of Michigan, 2002-2003

Research Areas

Professor Qiao's research focuses on the development of new technologies and the understanding of basic science in the areas of fuels, propulsion and sustainable energy. Research has focused on three areas: (1) high-performance fuels; (2) chemically reacting flows; (3) new combustion and propulsion concepts. Research methodologies involve high-speed imaging techniques, advanced laser diagnostics, numerical modeling, and theoretical studies.

Publications


  • J. Xu, L. Qiao, "Mathematical Modeling of Coal Gasification Processes in a Well-Stirred Reactor: Effects of Devolatilization and Moisture Content," Energy & Fuels, 26 (9), pp 5759 - 5768, 2012.

  • Y. Gan, L. Qiao, "Optical Properties and Radiation-enhanced Evaporation of Nanofluid Fuels Containing Carbon-based Nanostructures," Energy & Fuels, 26 (7), 4224-4230, 2012.

  • Y. Gan, L. Qiao, "Radiation-enhanced evaporation of ethanol fuel containing suspended metal nanoparticles," International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 55 (21-22) 5777-5782, 2012.

  • S. Tanvir, L. Qiao, "Surface Tension of Nanofluid Fuels with Stably Suspended Nanomaterials," Nanoscale Research Letters, Vol. 7, 226, 2012.

  • L. Qiao, J. Xu, "Detailed Numerical Simulations of Flame Propagation in High-Volatile Dust Clouds," Combustion Theory and Modeling, Vol. 7, 1-27, 2012.

  • Y. Gan, Y.S. Lim, L. Qiao, "Combustion of Nanofluid Fuels with the Addition of Boron and Iron particles at Dense and Dilute Concentrations," Combustion and Flame, 159 (4), 732-1740, 2012.

  • L. Qiao, J. Xu, A. Sane, J. Gore "Multiphysics Modeling of Coal Gasification Processes in a Perfectly-stirred Reactor with Detailed Gas-Phase Chemistry," Combustion and Flame, 159 (4) 1693-1707, 2012.

  • D. Singh, T. Nishiie, S. Tanvir, L. Qiao, "Flame Speed and Kinetics Analysis of Syngas Flames at Elevated Temperatures and with Water Addition," Fuel, 94: 448-456, 2012

  • L. Qiao,"Transient Flame Propagation Process and Flame-Speed Oscillation Phenomena in a Carbon Dust Cloud," Combustion and Flame, 159 (2), 673-685, 2012.

  • Y. Gan, L. Qiao, "Evaporation Characteristics of Fuel Droplets with the Addition of Energetic Nanoparticles under Natural and Forced Convections", International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 54 (23-24), 4913-4922, 2011.

  • D. Sing, T. Nishiie, L. Qiao,"Experimental and Kinetic Modeling Study of the Combustion of n-Decane, Jet-A, and S-8 in Laminar Premixed Flames," Combustion Science and Technology, 183: 1002-1026, 2011.

  • Y. Gan, L. Qiao, "Combustion Characteristics of Fuel Droplets Containing Micron and Nano-sized Aluminum Particles", Combustion and Flame, 158 (2): 354-368, 2011.

  • L. Qiao, Y. Gan, T. Nishiie, W. J.A. Dahm, E.S. Oran, "Extinction of Premixed Methane/Air Flames in Microgravity by Diluents: the Effects of Radiation and Lewis Number," Combustion and Flame, 157 (8): 1446-1455, 2010.

  • L. Qiao, Y. Gu, W.J.A. Dahm, E.S. Oran, G.M. Faeth, "A Study of the Effects of Diluents on Near-Limit H2-Air Flames in Microgravity at Normal and Reduced Pressures," Combustion and Flame, 151: 196-208, 2007.

  • L. Qiao, Y. Gu, W.J.A. Dahm, E.S. Oran, G.M. Faeth, "Near-Limit Laminar Burning Velocities of Microgravity Premixed Hydrogen Flames with Various Chemically Passive Fire Suppressants," Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, 31: 2701-2709, 2007.

  • L. Qiao, C.H. Kim, G.M. Faeth, "Suppression Effects of Diluents on Laminar Premixed Hydrogen/Oxygen/Nitrogen Flames," Combustion and Flame, 143: 79-96, 2005.

  • L.X. Zhou, L. Qiao, J. Zhang, "Simulation of NOx Formation in Turbulent Swirling Combustion Using a USM Turbulence-Chemistry Model," Acta Mechanica Sinica, 19 (3): 208-212, 2003.

  • L.X. Zhou, L. Qiao, X.L. Chen, J. Zhang, "A USM Turbulence-Chemistry Model for Simulating NOx Formation in Turbulent Combustion," Fuel, 81 (13): 1703-1709, 2002.

  • L. Qiao, L.X. Zhou, "A USM Turbulence-Chemistry Model for Turbulent Combustion," Journal of Combustion Science and Technology (Chinese), 8 (4): 297-301, 2002.
  • Conference Proceedings, Presentations, Invited Lectures

    • Y. Gan, L. Qiao, “Combustion Characteristics of Fuel Droplets with Addition of Nano and Micro-sized Aluminum Particles,” Poster, 33rd International Combusiotn Symposium, Beijing, Aug 1-7, 2010.
    • B. Palvol, L. Qiao, “Chemical Effect of Reactive Nanoparticles on Laminar Counterflow Flames,” Poster, 33rd International Combusiotn Symposium, Beijing, Aug 1-7, 2010.
    • Y. Gan, L. Qiao, “Burning Characteristics of Fuel Droplets Containing Nano-sized and Micron-sized Aluminum Particles,” Spring Technical Meeting, the Central State Section of the Combustion Institute, Champaign, Illinois, March 21-23, 2010.
    • D. Singh, T. Nishiie, L. Qiao, “Laminar Burning Velocity and Markstein Length of n-Decane/Air and MCH/Air Flames,” Spring Technical Meeting, the Central State Section of the Combustion Institute, Champaign, Illinois, March 21-23, 2010.
    • Y. Gan, L. Qiao, “Burning Characteristics of Fuel Droplets Containing Dilute Energetic Nanoparticles,” AIAA-2010-620, 48th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting Including the New Horizons Forum and Aerospace Exposition, Orlando, Florida, Jan. 4-7, 2010.
    • D. Sing, T. Nishiie, L. Qiao, “Laminar Burning Velocity and Markstein Length of n-Decane/Air, Jet-A/Air and S-8/Air Flames,” AIAA-2010-951, 48th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting Including the New Horizons Forum and Aerospace Exposition, Orlando, Florida, Jan. 4-7, 2010.
    • T. Nishiie, D. Singh, L. Qiao, “Laminar Burning Velocity and Markstein Length of Decane/air, Jet-A/air and S-8/air Flames,” 6th US National Combustion Meeting, Ann Arbor, May 17-20, MI, 2009.
    • D. Singh, T. Nishiie, L. Qiao, “Laminar Burning Velocity of Syngas/Air Flames with Water Vapor and Ammonia at Elevated Temperatures,” 6th US National Combustion Meeting, Ann Arbor, MI, May 17-20, 2009.
    • L. Qiao, “Numerical Modeling of Ignition and Flame Propagation through Pulverized Coal Cloud,” Spring Technical Meeting of the Central States Section of The Combustion Institute, Tuscaloosa, AL, April 20-21, 2008.
    • L. Qiao, W.J.A. Dahm, E.S. Oran, G.M. Faeth, “Laminar Burning Velocities and Flammability Limits of Premixed Methane-Air-Diluent Flames in Microgravity,” 46th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, AIAA-2008-0959, Reno, NV, Jan 7-10, 2008.
    • S. Heister, S. Fleeter, S. Son, W. Anderson, I. Hrbud, C. Merkle, N. Key, L. Qiao, “Propulsion Education and Research Programs at Purdue University,” AIAA 43rd Joint Propulsion Conference, Cincinnati, OH, July 11-14, 2007.
    • L. Qiao, Y. Gu, W.J.A. Dahm, E.S. Oran, G.M. Faeth, “Laminar Burning Velocity Measurements of Stoichiometric CH4/O2/N2/Diluent Mixtures in Free-Fall Experiments,” 5th US Combustion Meeting, San Diego, CA, March 24-27, 2007
    • L. Qiao, Y. Gu, W.J.A. Dahm, E.S. Oran, G.M. Faeth, “Effects of Diluents on Near-Limit H2-Air Flames in Microgravity at Normal and Reduced Pressures”, University of Michigan Engineering Graduate Symposium, Ann Arbor, MI, Nov 3, 2006.
    • L. Qiao, Y. Gu, W.J.A. Dahm, E.S. Oran, G.M. Faeth, “Near-Limit Laminar Burning Velocities of Microgravity Premixed Hydrogen Flames with Various Chemically Passive Fire Suppressants,” 31st International Symposium on Combustion, Heidelberg, Germany, Aug 6-11, 2006.
    • L. Qiao, Y. Gu, W.J.A. Dahm, E.S. Oran, G.M. Faeth, “Chemically Passive Suppression of Laminar Premixed Hydrogen Flames at Microgravity,” 44th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, AIAA-2006-741, Reno, NV, Jan 9-12, 2006.
    • L. Qiao, C.H. Kim, G.M. Faeth, “Effects of Chemically Passive Suppressants on Laminar Premixed Hydrogen/Air Flames,” Workshop on Strategic Research to Enable NASA’s Exploration Missions, Cleveland, OH, June 22-23, 2004.
    • L. Qiao, C.H. Kim, G.M. Faeth, “Chemically Passive Suppression of Laminar Premixed Hydrogen/Air Flames,” American Society for Engineering Education (ASEE) Summer Seminar Series, Ann Arbor, MI, 2004.
    • L. Qiao, C.H. Kim, G.M. Faeth, “Effects of Chemically Passive Suppressants on Laminar Premixed Hydrogen/Air Flames,” Spring Technical Meeting of the Canadian Section of the Combustion Institute, Kingston, Ontario, May 9-12, 2004.
    • C.H. Kim, L. Qiao, O.C. Kwon, G.M. Faeth, “Chemically Passive Suppression of Premixed Flames in Spacecraft Environments at Microgravity,” 7th International Workshop on Microgravity Combustion and Reacting Systems, Cleveland, OH, June 3-6, 2003.