Life Cycle Engineering and Sustainable Manufacturing
Industrial enterprises are increasingly concerned with such issues as product stewardship, sustainable manufacturing, reduction of hazardous substances, waste stream effects on the environment, shortages in critical materials, green bio-manufacturing, life cycle design, carbon footprints, energy and water consumption (water reuse), land use changes on ecological services, environmentally responsible materials extraction and processing, corporate social responsibility, sustainable electronics, green supply chains, industrial ecology, and consumer behavior. Eco-friendly products, green processing technologies, and sustainable business methods that consider global ecological consequences are needed for a secure and prosperous future. Products, materials, processes, services, and systems must be designed, operated, and managed with consideration for the ecological, social, political, and economic impacts of industrialization. By integrating and overlapping the study of industrial systems with the study of natural and managed ecosystems, researchers will better understand and manage the flow of materials and energy for sustainable utilization of both renewable and nonrenewable resources. Recent Life Cycle Engineering research within EEE has included assessments of products including solar panels, brominated flame retardants, and circuit boards
Sample Research Projects in the Area of Life Cycle Engineering and Sustainable Manufacturing Include:
“Development of a Unit Process Life Cycle Inventory for Deformation Processes,” General Dynamics, F. Zhao and J. W. Sutherland.
“Development of a Unit Process Life Cycle Inventory,” Department of Energy, Witchita State University, F. Zhao and J. W. Sutherland.
“Enabling Economic and Environmental Sustainability of Solar Thermal Systems via Temporally and Spatially Explicit Life Cycle Assessment,” National Science Foundation, F. Zhao, M.Qu.
“Evaluation of Sealers and Water-proofers for Extending the Life Cycle of Concrete,” Indiana Department of Transportation, U.S. Department of Transportation, B. Y. Tao, W. J. Weiss.
“Integrating Design and Manufacturing Considerations towards Sustainable Decision Making,” National Science Foundation, K. Ramani, F. Zhao, and J. W. Sutherland.
“Life Cycle Assessment and Policy Aspects of Brominated Flame Retardants,” I Hua.
“Planning Grant: I/URC for Resource, Recovery. And Recycling,” National Science Foundation, C. Handwerker, F. Zhao, J. Youngblood, A. Iyer, and J. W. Sutherland.
“Sustainable Electronics: Materials Design and Life Cycle Assessment of Polymer-Clay Composites for Circuit Board Applications,” National Science Foundation IGERT, I. Hua, J. A. Howarter.
“Value Characterization across the Product Lifecycle to Support Green Project Lifecycle Management and New Business Creation,” Project Lifecycle Management Center, K. Ortegon, L. Nies, and J. W. Sutherland.