ChE Seminar: Dr. Darrin Pochan
|Event Date:||September 18, 2018|
|Speaker:||Dr. Darrin Pochan|
|Speaker Affiliation:||University of Delaware|
|Contact Name:||Davidson School of Chemical Engineering
|Open To:||Attendance required for PhD students
|School or Program:||Chemical Engineering
Professor and Chair, Department of Materials Engineering, University of Delaware
Dr. Darrin Pochan
Professor and Chair
Department of Materials Engineering,
University of Delaware
Biomolecules for Non-biological things: Materials Construction through Peptide Design and Solution Assembly
Self-assembly of molecules is an attractive materials construction strategy due to its simplicity in application. By considering peptidic molecules in the bottom-up materials self-assembly design process, one can take advantage of inherently biomolecular attributes; intramolecular folding events, secondary structure, and electrostatic interactions; in addition to more traditional self-assembling molecular attributes such as amphiphilicty, to define hierarchical material structure and consequent properties. A new solution assembled system comprised of theoretically designed coiled coil bundle motifs will be introduced. The molecules and nanostructures are not natural sequences and provide opportunity for arbitrary nanostructure creation with peptides. With control of the display of all amino acid side chains (both natural and non-natural) throughout the peptide bundles, desired physical and covalent (through appropriate “click” chemistry) interactions have been designed to produce one and two-dimensional nanostructures. One-dimensional nanostructures span exotically rigid rod molecules that produce a wide variety of liquid crystal phases to semi-flexible chains, the flexibility of which are controlled by the interbundle linking chemistry. The two dimensional nanostructure is formed by physical interactions and are nanostructures not observed in nature. All of the assemblies are responsive to temperature since the individual bundle building blocks are physically stabilized coiled coil bundles that can be melted and reformed with temperature. Additional, novel nanostructures to be discussed include uniform nanotubes as well as the templated growth of metallic nanoparticle on and in peptide nanostructures. Included in the discussion will be molecule design, hierarchical assembly pathway design and control, click chemistry reactions, and the characterization of nanostructure as well as inherent material properties (e.g. extreme stiffness, responsiveness to temperature and pH, stability in aqueous and organic solvents).
Darrin Pochan is currently Professor and Chair of the Materials Science and Engineering Department as well as having appointments in the Delaware Biotechnology Institute and Department of Chemistry at the University of Delaware. Since joining the MSE department in 1999 after a Ph.D. in Polymer Science and Engineering at the University of Massachusetts-Amherst and a National Research Council Post-doctoral fellowship at the National Institute of Standards and Technology in Gaithersburg, MD, he has developed a research program around the construction of new materials and nanostructures via molecular solution assembly mechanisms. Areas of focus are biomaterials and materials for nanotechnology and energy applications through organic/inorganic hybrids. His honors include an NSF Career Award, the DuPont Young Faculty Award, the Dillon medal from the American Physical Society and fellowship in the American Physical Society and American Chemical Society. Currently, Darrin also serves as Editor in Chief of Soft Matter, a new interdisciplinary journal from the Royal Society of Chemistry in the United Kingdom.
Part of the Fall 2018 Graduate Seminar Series