Vilas Pol

Professor of Chemical Engineering
Professor of Materials Engineering (by courtesy)

FRNY 2146
Purdue University
Davidson School of Chemical Engineering
Forney Hall of Chemical Engineering
480 Stadium Mall Drive
West Lafayette, IN 47907-2100
(765) 494-0044 (office)
(765) 494-0805 (fax)
M.Sc., Pune University, India, 1996
Ph.D., University of Bar-Ilan, Israel, 2005

Research Interests

ViPER Research Group Homepage

Professor Pol's extensive research background includes colloid and interfacial science, electrochemical-, materials-, chemical-, sustainable-, and environmental engineering. His current passion lies in electrochemical energy storage technologies, primarily the scalable design and optimization of electrode materials, separator designs and electrolyte discovery for lithium-ion, potassium ion, sodium-ion, lithium-sulfur and solid-state batteries with thermal safety aspects.

The Vilas Pol Energy Research (ViPER) is an experimental group dedicated to fulfill the knowledge gap required to advance the energy storage technologies. Utilizing advanced sonochemistry, solvent-free autogenic chemical reactions, hydrothermal synthesis and microwave irradiation techniques, a diverse range of innovative, multi-functional electrode materials are fabricated and tested for next-generation safer battery systems. Moreover, we perform a wide variety of characterization including structure, morphology, and composition on developed electrode materials to understand the fundamental chemistry with underlying formation mechanism. We closely work with national laboratories, industries, and university collaborators across the globe.

Our current efforts include:

(1) Understanding the origin of thermal runaway mechanism in Lithium-ion, Sodium-ion, Potassium-ion and all solid state batteries and developing scientific strategies to mitigate them.

(2) Synthesis and mechanistic elucidation of novel carbon architectures (nano, sub-micro and microspheres; macro, meso, and micro-structured carbons, nanotubes, graphene, and their metal and metal-oxide hybrids) for energy storage applications.

(3) Discovery and design of high-capacity anode, cathode and electrolytes materials with longer lasting, sustainable and safer battery chemistries. Exploration of innovative electrochemical cell geometries with enhanced mechanical, flexible, and lightweight properties.

(4) Development of the physio-electrochemical transport understanding in multi-scale porous microstructures and the relevant electrode degradation mechanisms over long cycle periods (in collaboration with prominent modeling groups).

(5) Minimize the interfacial impedance in all solid state batteries to enhance room temperature electrochemical performance via development of hybrid polymer/garnet based electrolytes and interfaces with electrodes.

(6) Applications of novel multi-functional hybrid materials developed at ViPER in the fields of super-capacitors, CO2 capture, bio-sensing, solar cells, lubrication additives, fuel cell catalysts, superconductors, optical, magnetic, and flexible polymer-based devices.

Research Group

Graduate Students

  • Mihit Parekh
  • Lirong Cai
  • Zheng Li
  • Ethan Adams
  • Daniel Gribble
  • Sourav Ghosh, (Visiting Graduate Student, Indian Institute of Technology, Hyderabad, India)
  • Xinyang Jiao, (Visiting Graduate Student, China University of Mining and Technology, China)
  • Xu Tong, (Visiting Graduate Student, Xi'an Jiaotong University, China)
  • Sensen Zhang, (Visiting Graduate Student, Northeastern University, Shenyang, China)
  • Maria N. Carter, 2nd Lieutenant, USAF (co-advised by AAE Prof. Tomar)

Research Associates

  • Dr. P. Manikandan
  • Dr. Jassiel Rodriguez
  • Dr. Dhanya Puthusseri
  • Dr. Hamid Reza Seyf (Lillian Gilbreth Fellow, co-advised by ME Prof. Mukherjee)
  • Deep Jokhakar

Awards and Honors

Professional Achievement Award, American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE), 2019
Richard M. Fulrath Award - American Academic, The American Ceramic Society (ACerS), 2019
Salute to Excellence, American Chemical Society (ACS), 2019
Purdue University Outstanding Engineering Teacher, Spring 2019
Guinness World Record for the fastest time to arrange all the elements of the periodic table, 2018
Purdue University Faculty Scholar, 2018-2023
Purdue Office of Technology Commercialization, Trask Innovation Funds, 2017, 2018, 2019
Seeds for Success, Excellence in Research Award, Purdue University, (2015-2019)
Sustainable Engineering Forum Research Award, American Institute of Chemical Engineers, 2016
Fellow - The World Technology Network, 2016
R and D 100 award, R and D Magazine, Las-Vegas, USA, 2015
Bravo Award, Purdue University, 2015
Brian Kelly Award, British Carbon Society, World Carbon Conference, Rio-Brazil, 2013
First Place, Science as Art competition, MRS Fall Meeting, Boston, 2012
Grand Prize, ACS worldwide "How Does Chemistry Help YOU Be Green"; video contest, 2010
Argonne Scholar (Director's Postdoctoral Fellowship), Argonne National Laboratory, 2008
Intel Prize, Outstanding poster, 25th Israel Vacuum Society Conference, 2006
Best Student Award, All Maharashtra State Student Welfare Association, India, 2000
Gold Medal, Kabaddi, DRDO Sports Board, Government of India, 2000

Selected Publications

Google Scholar Profile

"In Situ Mechanistic Elucidation of Superior Si-C-Graphite Li-ion Battery Anode Formation with Thermal Safety Aspects", M. H. Parekh, A. D. Sediako, A. Naseri, M. J. Thomson, V. G. Pol, Advanced Energy Materials, 1902799 (2019).

"Lithium-ion Bettery Thermal Safety by Early Internal Detection, Prediction and Prevention", B. Li, M. H. Parekh, R. A. Adams, T. E. Adams, C. Love, V. G. Pol, V. Tomar, Scientific Reports, 9, 13255 (2019)

"Materials by Design: Tailored Morphology and Structures of Carbon Anodes for Enhanced Battery Safety", R. A. Adams, A. Mistry, P. Mukherjee, V. G. Pol, ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, 11, 14, 13334-13342 (2019).

"Temperature Dependent Electrochemical Performance and Safety Aspects of Graphite Anodes for K-ion and Li-ion Batteries", R. A. Adams, A. Varma, V. G. Pol, Journal of Power Sources, 410, 124-131 (2019)

"Strongly Correlated Perovskite Lithium-ion Shuttles", Y. Sun, M. Kotiuga, D. Lim, N. Badri, H. Zhou, C. Mathew, Z. Zhang, Y. Dong, R. Kou, C.J. Sun, Q. Lu , I. Waluyo, A.Hunt, H. Tanaka, A.N. Hattori, S. Gamage, Y. Abate, V. G. Pol, H. Zhou, S. Subramanian, B. Yildiz, K.M. Rabe, S. Ramanathan, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 115(39), 9672-9677 (2018).

"High Performance Lithium Metal Batteries Enabled by Surface Tailoring of Polypropylene Separator with a Polydopamine/Graphene Layer", P.J. Kim, V.G. Pol, Advanced Energy Materials, 1802665 (2018).

"Ordered Network of Interconnected SnO2 Nanoparticles for Excellent Lithium-Ion Storage", V. Etacheri, G. A. Seisenbaeva, J. Caruthers, G. Daniel, J.-M. Nedelec, V. G. Kessler, V. G. Pol, Advanced Energy Materials, 5, 1401289 (2015).

"Spherical Carbon Particles and Carbon Nanotubes Prepared by Autogenic Reactions: Evaluation as Anodes in Lithium Electrochemical Cells," V. G. Pol, M. M. Thackeray, Energy and Environmental Science, 4, 1904-1912 (2011).

"Dry Autoclaving for the Nanofabrication of Sulfides, Selenides, Borides, Phosphides, Nitrides, Carbides, and Oxides," V. G. Pol, S. V. Pol, A. Gedanken, Advanced Materials, 23, 1179-1190 (2011).