Yu-shen Liu and Karthik Ramani
Robust principal axes determination for point-based shapes using least median of squares
Published in Computer-Aided Design, 2009; 41(4): 293-305

Abstract:A robust technique for determining the principal axes of a 3D shape represented by a point set, possibly with noise, is presented. We use techniques from robust statistics to guide the classical principal component analysis (PCA) computation. Our algorithm is based on a robust statistics method: least median of squares (LMS), for outlier detection. Using this method, an outlier-free major region of the shape is extracted, which ignores the effect on other minor regions regarded as the outliers of the shape.

In order to effectively approximate the LMS optimization, the forward search technique is utilized. We start from a small outlier-free subset robustly chosen as the major region, where an octree is used for accelerating computation. Then the region is iteratively increased by adding samples at a time. Finally, by treating the points on minor regions as outliers, we are able to define the principal axes of the shape as one of the major region. One of the advantages of our algorithm is that it automatically disregards outliers and distinguishes the shape as the major and minor regions during the principal axes determination without any extra segmentation procedure. The presented algorithm is simple and effective and gives good results for point-based shapes. The application on shape alignment is considered for demonstration purpose.

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Posted in 2009, HUMAN SHAPE INTERACTION, Karthik Ramani, Shape Understanding