William Z. Bernstein, Devarajan Ramanujan, Monica F. Cox, Fu Zhao, John W. Sutherland, and Karthik Ramani
Implementing Design Critique for Teaching Sustainable Concept Generation
Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED11), Vol. 8, pp. 55-65.
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Abstract:  Product design is one of the most important activities that can influence sustainability. Therefore, it is critical to educate students about these methodologies as they are the next generation of engineers. This paper details a study conducted among engineering graduate students for teaching sustainability through design critique. The students were part of a graduate level design course and were required to conceptualize designs of novel products. Upon completion of their designs, questionnaires which assessed their familiarity with sustainable design and its relation to product design were handed out. A team of design experts reviewed the final design concepts along with these questionnaires and offered a detailed design critique focused on redesign with regards to sustainability. The students then revised their design based on the feedback.  A post-evaluation questionnaire and the modified design concepts were then collected to assess the success of the design critiques. Although student projects are limited in scope, and simplify real world problems, the learning through this project will enable them to design products that consider environmental sustainability.


William Z Bernstein
About William Z Bernstein

Dr. William Z. Bernstein is a Mechanical Engineer in the Life Cycle Engineering (LCE) Group of the Systems Integration Division of the Engineering Laboratory (EL) at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). Dr. Bernstein’s research at NIST primarily contributes to two programs: (1) Performance Assurance for Smart Manufacturing Systems and (2) Enabling the Digital Thread for Smart Manufacturing.  Prior to joining NIST, Dr. Bernstein was a member of the C-Design Lab at Purdue University. His research at Purdue was focused on establishing frameworks and methods to enable environmentally conscious product redesign activities. Central to this work was the idea of infusing principles from the fields of Information Visualization and Visual Analytics into sustainable design. Dr. Bernstein’s current research interests include Sustainable Design, Data-driven Manufacutring, Product Lifecycle Management, Visual Analytics, and Information Visualization.

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Posted in 2011, Design Learn, DESIGN METHOD, Devarajan Ramanujan, Karthik Ramani, Publications, William Z Bernstein