The sustainable community design encourages the development of healthy, active, and efficient neighborhoods. It emphasizes the creation of compact, walkable, vibrant, mixed-use neighborhoods with good connections to nearby communities.
Sustainable community design reduces:
· the impacts of urban sprawl, or unplanned, uncontrolled spreading of urban development
· vehicle trips and miles traveled and the risk of obesity, heart disease, and hypertension by encouraging daily physical activity associated with walking and bicycling
· the impacts to natural water resources, and reduces burdens on community water supply and wastewater systems
· the adverse environmental impacts of extracting and processing virgin materials by using recycled and reclaimed materials, and the volume of waste deposited in landfills and incinerators
Sustainable community design encourages:
· the design and construction of energy efficient buildings that reduce air, water, and land pollution and adverse environmental impacts from energy production and consumption
· the development of energy-efficient neighborhoods by employing district heating and cooling strategies
· on-site renewable energy production to reduce the adverse environmental and economic impacts associated with fossil fuel energy production and use
· community-based food production, improve nutrition through increased access to fresh produce
· biodiversity preservation of small farms producing a wide variety of crops
Dr. Hongxi Yin is a visiting assistant professor of Engineering Education and Civil Engineering at Purdue. He is an architect and a mechanical engineer in training. He is a LEED AP (accredited professions) and recently became a LEED Faculty TM, the first and only licensed sustainable building and community educator located in the State of Indiana. He graduated from Carnegie Mellon University with a Ph.D. degree in building performance and diagnostics.