Implementing Effective Retrofits for Select Steel Bridge Details

Course brochure: Implementing Effective Retrofits for Select Steel Bridge Details (PDF)


Ineffective or incorrect retrofits and repairs of the aging steel infrastructure have done more harm than good and cost state agencies millions of dollars. This course will lead each participant through a series of discussions filled with concepts, case studies, and tutorials that develop understanding of effective retrofits and repairs that will extend the service life of steel bridges. The course is designed with an emphasis on being practical, or hands-on, and will take advantage of the expansive facilities of the S-BRITE Center and Bowen Laboratory. Participants will not only learn about effective retrofits, but will be performing those retrofits on actual steel bridge details to become familiar with proper technique and application; lessons better learned through experience.  Additionally, full size bridge specimens at the S-BRITE Center Bridge Component Gallery will provide real-world examples of effective retrofits helping to enrich the instruction. Participants will leave this course prepared to design, inspect, and perform effective steel bridge retrofits and repairs.

Meet the Instructors


Robert Connor, Ph.D., is an associate professor of civil engineering at Purdue University and Director of the Steel Bridge Research, Inspection, Training, and Engineering (S-BRITE) Center.  Dr. Connor is nationally recognized as an expert in fatigue and fracture of steel bridges and ancillary steel structures.


JLloyd (640x522) (184x225).jpg


Jason B. Lloyd, PhD, PE, is the Bridge Steel Specialist, West Market, for the National Steel Bridge Alliance.  Dr. Lloyd has performed numerous field instrumentation, laboratory, and fitness-for-service studies on various steel bridge types.  He specializes in full-scale testing, field monitoring, fatigue evaluation, fracture, and repair and retrofit of steel bridges

Thomas Bradt is a Research Engineer at the Robert L. and Terry L. Bowen Laboratory for Large Scale Civil Engineering Research.  Mr. Bradt has several years of steel and concrete fabrication and research experience.

Learning Objectives

  • Understand a number of case studies of effective and ineffective retrofits;
  • Know how to determine urgency of repair;
  • Experience hands-on examination of real-world specimens with fatigue and fracture damage that include good and poor retrofits;
  • Be able to install a number of steel bridge retrofits and repairs for fatigue and fracture prone details, including:
    • Stop-hole drilling
    • Grinding
    • Weld toe peening
    • Web gap stiffening for Distortion-induced fatigue
    • Web gap softening for Distortion-induced fatigue
    • Constraint relief methods for Constraint-Induced-Fracture (CIF) or "Hoan" details

The class size will be limited to 8 attendees so as to maximize the instructor-student interaction and enhance the course quality.  Special attention will be given to identifying details which are sensitive to fatigue and fracture and understanding how an effective retrofit or repair can extend service life. Instruction includes case studies that help to illustrate effective and ineffective retrofits and repairs. This course builds upon other short courses offered through the S-BRITE Center, such as Design of Steel Bridges for Fatigue & Fracture, Inspecting Steel Bridges for Fatigue, and High Strength Structural Bolting.




Course Agenda

Day 1

8:00 - Introduction and Welcome
Safety briefing

8:20 – Session 1: Intro to Fatigue

9:00 - Session 2: Intro to Fracture

9:45 – Break

10:00 – Session 3: Effects of Geometry & Residual Stresses

10:30 - Session 4: Stop-hole Drilling

11:15 - Stop-hole drilling practicum

12:15 - Lunch Break (provided)

1:00 – Session 5: Surface Treatments

1:45 - Surface treatment practicum

2:30 - Break

2:45 - Session 6: Out-of-plane Distortion

3:45 - Out-of-plane distortion practicum

5:00 - Adjourn, end of Day 1

Day 2

8:00 - Session 7: Constraint-induced Fracture

8:45 - CIF practicum

9:45 - S-BRITE Center field trip

11:15 - Lunch Break

12:00 - Urgency discussion and review of concepts

12:30 - Group 1 begin written test
              Group 2 begin practicum test

1:30 - Group 1 complete written test
           Group 1 begin practicum test
           Group 2 continue practicum test

3:10 - Group 1 continue practicum test
           Group 2 begin written test

4:10 - Testing Completed

4:10 - Break

4:20 - Exam review and discussion

5:00 - Course completed