cmuxe

 

CMUXE Member Publications

Harilal Sivanandan (Hari) Harilal
Research Associate Professor of Nuclear Engineering

Tel: (765)496-3852; Fax: (765)496-2233;
E mail: hari@purdue.edu
Potter 304, 500 Central Drive, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907-2022


A. Journal Articles: B. Books & Book chapters : C. Conference papers


A. Journal Publications

  1. Roy A., Harilal S.S., Polek M., Hassan S. M., Endo A., and Hassanein A.
    Influence of laser pulse duration on extreme ultraviolet and ion emission features from tin plasmas
    Physics of Plasmas, 21 033109 (2014)

  2. Harilal S.S., Farid N., Freeman J.F., Diwakar P.K., LaHaye N.L., and Hassanein A.
    Background gas collisional effects on expanding fs and ns laser ablation plumes
    Applied Physics A,  DOI 10.1007/s00339-014-8268-8 (2014)

  3. Diwakar P. K., Gonzalez J. J., Harilal S. S., Russo R. E., and Hassanein A.
    Ultrafast laser ablation ICP-MS: Systematic study of role of spot size, laser fluence and repetition rate on fractionation and signal intensity,
    Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, 29 339-346 (2014)

  4. Al-Shboul K.F., Harilal S.S., Hassan S.M., Hassanein A., Costello J.T., Yabuuchi T., Tanaka K.A., Hirooka Y., Interpenetration and stagnation in colliding laser plasmas
    Physics of Plasmas, 21 Art. No. 013502 (2014)

  5. Farid N., Harilal S.S., Ding H., and Hassanein A.
    Emission features and expansion dynamics of ns laser ablation plumes at different ambient pressures
    Journal of Applied Physics, 115 Art. No. 033107 (2014)

  6. Farid, N, Harilal S.S., El-Atwani O., Ding H., and Hassanein A.
    Experimental simulation of materials degradation of plasma facing components using lasers
    Nuclear Fusion (Letter) 54 Art. No. 012002 (2014)

  7. Al-Ajlony A., Kanjilal A., Catalfano M., Harilal S.S., Hassanein A.
    Electron irradiation-enhanced water and hydrocarbon adsorption in EUV lithography devices
    Applied Surface Science, 289 358-65 (2014)

  8. Farid, N., Harilal S.S., Ding H., and Hassanein A.
    Dynamics of ultrafast laser plasma expansion in the presence of an ambient
    Applied Physics Letters, 103 Art. No. 191112 (2013)

  9. Harilal S.S., Diwakar P.K., and Hassanein A.
    Electron-ion relaxation time dependent signal enhancement in ultrafast double-pulse LIBS
    Applied Physics Letters 103 Art. No. 041102 (2013)

  10. LaHaye N.L., Harilal S.S., Diwakar P.K., and Hassanein A.
    The effect of laser pulse duration on ICP-MS signal intensity, elemental fractionation, and detection limits in femtosecond Laser Ablation Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry
    Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry 28 1781-1787 (2013)

  11. Diwakar P.K., Harilal S.S., LaHaye N.L., Hassanein A., Kulkarni P.
    The influence of laser pulse duration and energy on ICP-MS signal intensity, elemental fractionation, and particle size distribution in NIR fs-LA-ICP-MS
    Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry 28 1420-1429 (2013)

  12. Freeman J., Harilal S.S., Diwakar P.K., Verhoff B., and Hassanein A.
    Comparison of optical emission from ns and fs LPP in atmosphere and vacuum conditions
    Spectrochimica Acta B, 87 43-50 (2013)

  13. Diwakar P.K., Harilal S.S., Freeman J. and Hassanein A.
    Role of laser pre-pulse wavelength and inter-pulse delay on signal enhancement in collinear DP-LIBS Spectrochimica Acta B, 87 65-73 (2013)

  14. Harilal S. S., Farid, N., Hassanein A. and Kozhevin V. M.
    Dynamics of ultrafast laser produced tungsten nanoparticle plumes
    Journal of Applied Physics, 114 Art. No.203302 (2013)

  15. LaHaye N.L., Harilal S.S., Diwakar P.K., Hassanein A., Kulkarni P.
    The effect of ultrafast laser wavelength on ablation properties and implications on sample introduction in Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry
    Journal of Applied Physics, 114 Art. No. 023103 (2013)

  16. Al-Shboul, K.F., Harilal S.S., and Hassanein A.
    Emission features of femtosecond laser ablated carbon plasma in ambient helium
    Journal of Applied Physics, 113 Art. No. 163305 (2013)

  17. Hussein A.E., Diwakar P.K., Harilal S.S. and Hassanein A.
    The role of laser wavelength on plasma generation and expansion of ablation plumes in air
    Journal of Applied Physics, 113 Art. No. 143305 (2013)

  18. Catalfano, M., Kanjilal A., Al-Ajlony A., Harilal S.S., and Hassanein A.
    Primary electron energy dependent flashover in surface polarity on Au films
    Journal of Applied Physics, 113 173702 (2013)

  19. Farid, N., Harilal S.S., Ding H., and Hassanein A.
    Kinetics of ion and prompt electron emission from laser-produced plasma
    Physics of Plasmas, 20 Art. No. 073114 (2013)

  20. Harilal S.S., Miloshevsky G. V., Sizsyuk T. and Hassanein A.
    Effects of excitation laser wavelength on Ly-alpha and He-alpha line emission from nitrogen plasmas
    Physics of Plasmas, 20 Art. No. 013105 (2013)

  21. Freeman J., Harilal S.S., Hassanein A. and Rice B.
    Effect of prepulse laser wavelength on EUV emission from CO2 reheated laser-produced Sn plasma
    Applied Physics A, 110, 853-856 (2013)

  22. Hough P., Kelly T.J., Fallon C., McLoughlin C., Hayden P., Kennedy E., Mosnier J.P., Harilal S.S., and Costello J.T., Enhanced shock wave detection sensitivity for laser-produced plasmas in low pressure ambient gases usin ng interferometry, Measurement Science & Technology, 23 Art. No. 125204 (2012).

  23. Harilal S.S., Miloshevsky G. V., Diwakar P.K., LaHaye N. L. and Hassanein A.
    Experimental & computational study of complex shockwave dynamics in LA plumes in Ar atm
    Physics of Plasmas, 19 Art. No.083504 (2012)
    POP Editors' Choice
    Best Paper 2012

  24. Al-Shboul K. F., Harilal S.S.and Hassanein A.
    Spatio-temporal mapping of ablated species in ultrafast laser-produced graphite plasmas
    Applied Physics Letters, 100 Art. No. 221106 (2012)

  25. Crank M., Harilal S.S., Hassan S.M. and Hassanein A.
    Excitation Wavelength Dependence of Water-Window Line Emissions from BN LPP
    Journal of Applied Physics, 111 Art. No.033301 (2012)

  26. Verhoff B., Harilal S. S., Freeman, J. R., Diwakar, P. K. and Hassanein A.
    Dynamics of fs and ns laser ablation plumes investigated using optical emission spectroscopy
    Journal of Applied Physics, 112 Art. No. 093303 (2012)

  27. Verhoff B., Harilal S. S., and Hassanein A.
    Angular emission of ions and mass deposition from fs and ns laser-produced plasmas
    Journal of Applied Physics, 111 Art. No. 123304 (2012)

  28. Kanjilal A, Catalfano M, Harilal SS, Hassanein A, Rice B.
    "Time-dependent changes in EUVR of Ru mirrors caused by electron-induced surface chemistry"
    Journal of Applied Physics, 111 Art. No. 063518 (2012)

  29. Catalfano M., Kanjilal A., Al-Ajlony A., Harilal S.S., and Hassanein A.
    "Adsorption dynamics and angular dependency of contaminants on Ru mirror surfaces"
    Journal of Applied Physics, 111 Art. No. 016103 (2012)

  30. Hassanein A., Gold S.H., and Harilal S. S.
    "Guest Editorial: Special Issue on Plenary and Invited Papers from ICOPS 2011"
    IEEE Tranactions in Plasma Science, 40 1265-1266 (2012)

  31. Coons R W, Harilal S.S., Hassan S.M., and Hassanein A.
    "The importance of longer wavelength reheating in dual-pulse laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy" Applied Physics B, 107 873-880 (2012)

  32. Freeman J., Harilal S.S., Verhoff B., Hassanein A. and Rice B.
    "Laser wavelength dependence on angular emission dynamics of Nd:YAG laser-produced Sn plasmas" Plasma Sources Science & Technology, 21 Art. No. 055003 (2012)

  33. Polek M., Harilal S.S., and Hassanein A.
    "Two-dimensional mapping of the electron density in laser-produced plasmas"
    Applied Optics, 51 498-503 (2012)

  34. Al-Ajlony A., Kanjilal A., Harilal S.S., and Hassanein A.
    "Carbon contamination and oxidation of Au surfaces under EUV radiation: An XPS study"
    Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology B, 30 Art. No.041603 (2012)

  35. Al-Ajlony A., Kanjilal A., Catalfano M., Fileds, M., Harilal S.S., Hassanein A. and Rice B.
    "Probing temporal evolution of EUV assisted contamination on Ru mirror by XPS"
    Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology B, 30 Art. No. 021601 (2012)

  36. Kanjilal A., Catalfano M., Harilal S.S., Hassanein A. and Rice B.
    "Tracking electron-induced carbon contamination and cleaning of Ru surfaces by AES"
    Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology A, 30 Art. No.041401 (2012)

  37. Al-Shboul K. F., Harilal S.S.and Hassanein A.
    "Gas dynamic effects on formation of carbon dimers in laser-produced plasmas"
    Applied Physics Letters, 99 Art. No. 131506 (2011)

  38. Harilal S.S., Hassanein A. and Polek M.P.
    "Jet-like emission from colliding laser-produced plasmas"
    IEEE Tranactions in Plasma Science, 39 2780-81 (2011)

  39. Hough P., Hayden P, Fallon C, Kelly T.J., McLoughin C., Yeates P., Mosnier J.P., Kennedy E.T.,
    Harilal S.S. and Costello J.T."Ion emission in collisions between two laser-produced plasmas"
    Journal Physics D, 44 Art. No. 355203 (2011)

  40. Hassanein A, Sizyuk T., Sizyuk V. and Harilal S.S.
    "Combined effects of pre-pulsing and target geometry on efficient EUV production
    from laser produced plasma experiments and modeling
    "
    Journal of Micro/Nanolith MEMS MOEMS, 10 Art. No. 033002 (2011)

  41. Coons R W, Harilal S.S., Polek M, and Hassanein A.
    "Spatial and temporal variations of the Te and Ne of an  EUV-emitting lithium plasmas"
    Analytical Bioanalytical Chemistry, 400, 3239-3246 (2011)
    ABC Journal Cover highlights results of this article

  42. Freeman J., Harilal S.S.and Hassanein A.
    "Enhancements of EUV emission using prepulsed Sn LPPs for advanced lithography applications"
    Journal of Applied Physics, 110 Art. No. 083303 (2011)

  43. Harilal S.S., Hassanein A. and Polek M.P.
    "Late-time particle emission from laser ablated graphite plasmas"
    Journal of Applied Physics, 110 Art. No. 053301 (2011)

  44. Harilal S.S., Sizyuk. T, Hassanein A., Campos D, Hough P and Sizyuk, V.
    "The effect of excitation wavelength on dynamics of laser-produced Sn plasma"
    Journal of Applied Physics, 109 Art. No. 063306 (2011)

  45. Al-Shboul K. F., Harilal S.S., Hassanein A. and Polek M,
    "Dynamics of C2 formation in laser-produced carbon plasma in helium environment"
    Journal of Applied Physics, 109 Art. No. 053302 (2011)

  46. Campos D, Harilal S.S., and Hassanein A.
    "The effect of laser wavelength on emission and particle dynamics of Sn plasma"
    Journal of Applied Physics, 108 Art. No. 113305 (2010)

  47. Coons R. W., Harilal S.S., Campos D. and Hassanein A.
    "Analysis of atomic and ion debris features of laser-produced Sn and Li plasmas"
    Journal of Applied Physics, 108 Art. No. 063306 (2010)

  48. Hough P., McLoughlin C., Harilal S.S., Mosnier J. P. and Costello J. T.
    "Emission characteristics and dynamcis of the stagnation layer in colliding LPPs"
    Journal of Applied Physics, 107 Art. No. 024904 (2010).

  49. Campos D., Harilal S.S., and Hassanein A.
    "Laser wavelength effects on ionic and atomic emission from tin plasmas"
    Applied Physics Letters, 96 Art. No. 151501 (2010).

  50. Harilal S.S., Sizyuk. T, Sizyuk, V., and Hassanein A.
    "Efficient laser-produced plasma EUV sources using grooved Sn targets"
    Applied Physics Letters, 96 Art. No. 111503 (2010).

  51. Harilal S.S., Coons R. W., Hough P. and Hassanein, A.
    "Influence of spot size on EUV efficiency of laser-produced Sn plasmas"
    Applied Physics Letters, 95 Art. No.
    211051 (2009).

  52. Hassanein, A., Sizyuk, V. Sizyuk, T and Harilal S.S.
    "Effects of Plasma Spatial Profile on CE of LPP Sources for EUV lithography"
    Journal of Micro/Nanolith. MEMS MOEMS, 8 Art. No. 041503 (2009).
    JM3 Cover highlights results of this article

  53. Harilal S.S., Allain J. P., Hassanein A., Hendricks M.R., and Nieto-Perez M.
    "Reactivity of lithium exposed graphite surface"
    Applied Surface Science, 255 8539-8544 (2009).

  54. Hurst N. and Harilal S.S.,
    "Pulse shaping of TEA CO2 laser using a simple plasma shutter"
    Review of Scientific Instrumentation, 80 Art. No. 035101 (2009).

  55. Allain J. P., Rousak D, Harilal S.S., et. al.
    "Experimental studies of Li-based surface chemistry for fusion plasma-facing materials applications" Journal of Nuclear Materials, 390-91 942 (2009).

  56. Hough P., McLoughlin C., Harilal S.S., Mosnier J. P. and Costello J. T.
    "Electron and ion stagnation at the collision front between two laser produced plasmas"
    Journal  Physics D, 42 Art. No. 055211 (2009).

  57. Hough P., McLoughlin C., Harilal S.S., Mosnier J. P. and Costello J. T.
    "Time resolved Nomarski interferometery of laser produced plasma plumes"
    Applied Surface Science, 255 5167-5172 (2009).

  58. Harilal S. S., MacFarlane1 J. J., Golovkin I. E., Woodruff P. R. and Wang P.
    "Modeling of EUV Emission and CE from Laser-Produced Tin Plasmas for Nanolithography"
    Proc. of SPIE, 6921 Art. No. 692133 (2008).

  59. Pulsifier J.,Tillack M.S., and Harilal, S.S.
    "Effect of laser pulse duration on damage to metal mirrors for laser IFE"
    Proc. of SPIE, 6720 Art. No. 67200D (2008).

  60. Allain J. P., Nieto M, Hendricks M., Plotkin P., Harilal S.S., and Hassanein A.
    "IMPACT: a facility studying the interaction of low-energy intense charged particle beams with dynamical hetrogeneous surfaces" Review of Scientific Instrumentation 78 Art. No. 113105 (2007).

  61. Harilal S.S.
    "Influence of spot size on propagation dynamics of laser-produced Sn plasma"
    Journal of Applied Physics 102 Art. No. 123306 (2007).

  62. Tao Y., Tillack M.S., Harilal S.S., Sequoia K.L., and Najmabadi F.
    "Investigations on the interaction of a laser pulse with preformed Gaussian Sn plume for EUVL source" Journal of Applied Physics 101 023305 (2007).

  63. Mathew M.V., Harilal S.S. and Tillack M.S.
    "Emission characteristics and dynamics of neutral species in a laser-produced tin plasma"
    Journal Physics D 40 447 (2007).

  64. Harilal S. S., O’Shay B, Tao Y. and Tillack M. S.
    "Ion debris mitigation from tin plasma using ambient gas, B field & combined effects"
    Applied Physics B 86 547-53 (2007).

  65. Tao Y., Harilal S. S., Tillack M. S., Sequoia K. L., O’Shay B., and Najmabadi F.
    "Effect of focal spot size on in-band 13.5 nm EUV emission from Sn LPP"
    Optics Letters 31 2492-2494 (2006).

  66. Tao Y., Tillack M.S., Harilal S.S., Sequoia K.L., Burdt, R.A. and Najmabadi F.
    "A mass-limited Sn target irradiated by dual laser pulses for an EUV lithography source
    Optics Letters 32 1338-1340 (2007)
    .

  67. Harilal S. S.,Tillack M. S., Tao Y., O’Shay B, Paguio R. and Nikroo A.
    "EUV spectral purity and magnetic ion debris mitigation with low density tin targets"
    Optics Letters 31 1549-1551 (2006)
    .

  68. Tao Y., Tillack M. S., Harilal S. S., Sequoia K. L., O’Shay B., and Najmabadi F.
    "Effect of shockwave-induced density jump on laser plasma interactions in low-pressure ambient air" Journal Physics D 39 4027-4030 (2006).

  69. Harilal S. S., O’Shay B, Tillack M. S., Tao Y., Paguio R., Nikroo A. and Back C. A.
    "Spectral control of emission from tin doped targets for EUV lithography"
    Journal Physics D 39 484-487 (2006)
    .

  70. Harilal S. S., O’Shay B, Tao Y. and Tillack M. S.
    "Ambient gas effects on the dynamics of laser-produced tin plume expansion"
    Journal of Applied Physics 99 083303 (2006).

  71. Harilal S. S., O'Shay B., Tillack M. S. and Mathew M. V.
    "Spectroscopic Characterization of laser produced tin plasma"
    Journal of Applied Physics 98 013306 (2005).

  72. Harilal S. S., O'Shay B., Tillack M. S., Bindhu C. V. and Najmabadi F.
    "Fast photography of laser generated plasma expanding across a magnetic field"
    IEEE Trans Plasma Science 33 474 (2005).

  73. Harilal S. S., O'Shay B. and Tillack M. S.
    "Debris Mitigation in a Laser-Produced Tin Plume Using a Magnetic Field"
    Journal of Applied Physics 98 036102 (2005).

  74. Tillack M. S., Blair D. W. and Harilal S. S.
    "The effect of ionization on cluster formation in laser ablation plumes"
    Nanotechnology 15 390-403 (2004).

  75. Harilal S. S., Tillack M. S., O'Shay B., Bindhu C. V. and Najmabadi F.
    "Confinement and dynamics of LPP expanding across a magnetic field"
    Physical Review E 69 026413 (2004)
    .

  76. Harilal S. S. ,
    "Spatial and temporal evolution of argon sparks"

    Applied Optics 43 3931-3937 (2004).

  77. Bindhu C. V., Harilal S. S., Tillack M. S., Najmabadi F. and Gaeris A. C.
    "Energy absorption and propagation in laser-created sparks"
    Applied Spectroscopy 58 719-726 (2004)
    .

  78. Harilal S. S., Bindhu C. V., Tillack M. S., Najmabadi F. and Gaeris A. C.
    "Internal structure & expansion dynamics of laser ablation plumes into ambient gases"
    Journal of Applied Physics 93 2380-2388 (2003).

  79. Bindhu C. V., Harilal S. S., Tillack M. S., Najmabadi F. and Gaeris A. C.
    "Laser propagation and energy absorption by an argon spark"
    Journal of Applied Physics 94 7402-7407 (2003).

  80. Harilal S. S., Bindhu C. V., Tillack M. S., Najmabadi F. and Gaeris A. C.
    "Plume splitting and sharpening in laser-produced aluminium plasma"
    Journal Physics D 35 2935-2938 (2002).

  81. Harilal, S. S., Bindhu, C.V., Shevelko, V. P. and Kunze H. J.
    "XUV diagnostics of colliding laser-produced magnesium plasmas"
    Journal Physics B 34 3717-3726 (2001).

  82. Harilal, S. S., Bindhu, C.V., Shevelko, V. P. and Kunze H. J.
    "Charge-exchange collisions in interpenetrating laser-produced magnesium plasmas"
    Laser & Particle Beams 19 99-103 (2001)
    .

  83. Harilal, S. S., Bindhu C. V. and Kunze H. J.
    "Space- and time-resolved soft x-ray emission from laser-produced Mg plasma"
    Journal  Physics D 34 560 (2001).

  84. Harilal, S. S., Bindhu C. V. and Kunze H. J.
    "Time evolution of colliding LP Mg plasmas investigated using a pinhole camera"
    Journal of Applied Physics 89 4737 (2001).

  85. Atwee, T., Harilal, S. S. and Kunze H. J.
    "XUV spectroscopic studies of plasma plumes produced from B, BC & BN  by a laser"
    Journal Physics D 34, 1213 (2001).

  86. Bindhu, C. V. and Harilal S. S.
    "Effect of the excitation source on the quantum-yield measurements of Rh B studied usingTL technique" Analytical Sciences 17 141 (2001).

  87. Harilal, S. S.
    "Expansion dynamics of laser ablated carbon plasma plume in helium ambient"

    Applied Surface Science 172 103-109 (2001)
    .

  88. Bindhu, C. V., Harilal, S. S., Nampoori, V. P. N. and Vallabhan, C. P. G.
    "Experimental investigation of optical limiting & thermal lensing in toluene solutions of C70"
    Applied Physics B 70, 429-434 (2000).

  89. Harilal, S. S., Bindhu, C. V., Nampoori, V. P. N. and Vallabhan, C. P. G.
    "Optical limiting and thermal lensing studies in C-60"
    Journal of Applied Physics 86, 1388-1392 (1999).

  90. Bindhu C.V., Harilal, S. S., Nampoori, V. P. N. and Vallabhan, C. P. G.
    "Solvent effect on absolute fluorescence quantum yield of rh 6G determined using transient TL"
    Modern Physics Letters B 13, 563-576 (1999).

  91. Bindhu C.V., Harilal, S. S., Nampoori, V. P. N. and Vallabhan, C. P. G.
    "Investigation of nonlinear absorption & aggregation in aqueous solutions of rh B using TL technique" Pramana-Journal of Physics 52, 435-442 (1999).

  92. Bindhu, C. V., Harilal, S. S., Nampoori, V. P. N. and Vallabhan, C. P. G.
    "Studies of nonlinear absorption and aggregation in aqueous solutions of Rh 6G using a transient thermal lens technique" Journal Physics D 32, 407-411 (1999).

  93. Harilal, S. S., Bindhu, C. V., Nampoori, V. P. N. and Vallabhan, C. P. G.
    "Time Evolution of the Electron Density and Temperature in LPP from Yba2cu3o7"
    Applied Physics B 66, 633-638 (1998).

  94. Bindhu, C. V., Harilal, S. S., Nampoori, V. P. N. and Vallabhan, C. P. G.
    "Thermal Diffusivity Measurements in Sea Water Using Transient Thermal Lens Calorimetry"
    Current Science 74, 764-769 (1998).

  95. Bindhu, C. V., Harilal, S. S., Kurian A, Nampoori, V. P. N. and Vallabhan, C. P. G.
    "Two and three photon absorption in rh6G methanol solutions using pulsed thermal lens technique", Journal of Nonlinear Optical Physics & Materials 7, 531-538 (1998)  

  96. Harilal, S. S., Bindhu, C. V., Nampoori, V. P. N. and Vallabhan, C. P. G.
    "Temporal and Spatial Behavior of Density and Temperature in a LPP from YBCO"
    Applied Spectroscopy 52, 449-455 (1998).

  97. Harilal, S. S., Bindhu, C. V., Nampoori, V. P. N. and Vallabhan, C. P. G.
    "Influence of Ambient Gas on the Temperature and Density of LP Carbon Plasma"
    Applied Physics Letters 72, 167-169 (1998).

  98. Bindhu, C. V., Harilal, S. S., Nampoori, V. P. N. and Vallabhan, C. P. G.
    "Thermal Diffusivity Measurements in Organic Liquids Using Transient Thermal Lens Calorimetry" Optical Engineering 37, 2791-2794 (1998).

  99. Issac, R. C., et.al "Dynamics of Laser Produced Silver Plasma under Film Deposition Conditions Studied Using Optical Emission Spectroscopy", Applied Surface Science 125, 227-235 (1998).

  100. Issac, R. C., et.al "Prompt Electron Emission and Collisional Ionization of Ambient Gas During Pulsed Laser Ablation of Silver" Applied Physics  A 67, 557-561 (1998).

  101. Issac R. C. et. al. "Collective Behavior of Laser-Produced Plasma from a Multicomponent Yba2cu3o7 Target in Air", Applied Physics B 67, 647-651 (1998).

  102. Issac, R. C., Harilal, S. S., et.al  "Anomalous Profile of a Self-Reversed Resonance Ba+Line in a LPP from YBCO" Spectrochimica Acta B 52, 1791-1799 (1997).

  103. Varier, G.K., Issac, R.C., Harilal, S. S., et.al. "Investigations on Nanosecond Laser Produced Plasma in Air from the Multi-Component Material Yba2cu3o7" Spectrochimica Acta B, 52(5) 657-666 (1997).

  104. Harilal, S.S., et al., "Fine Structure in the Time of Flight Distribution of C2 in Laser Produced Plasma from Graphite" Pramana-Journal of Physics, 49(3), 317-322 (1997).

  105. Issac, R.C., Harilal, S. S., et.al. "Photoacoustic Signal Saturation and Optical Limiting in C70 Toluene Solution" Optical Engineering, 36(2) 332-336 (1997).

  106. Harilal, S. S., et.al "Spatial Analysis of C2 Band Emission from Laser Produced Plasma"
    Plasma Sources Science & Technology 6, 317-322 (1997).

  107. Harilal, S. S. et.al. "Optical Emission Studies of C2 Species in Laser-Produced Plasma from Carbon" Journal Physics D 30, 1703-1709 (1997).

  108. Harilal, S. S. et.al. "Time Resolved Analysis of C2 Emission from Laser Induced Graphite Plasma in Helium Atmosphere" Jap. Journal of Applied Physics 36,134-138 (1997).

  109. Harilal, S. S. et.al "Emission Characteristics & Dynamics of C2 from Laser Produced Graphite Plasma" Journal of Applied Physics 81, 3637-3643 (1997).

  110. Harilal, S. S. et.al  "Time Resolved Study of CN from Plasma Generated by Laser Irradiation of Graphite" Spectrochimica Acta A 53, 1527-1536 (1997).
    Finalist, Sir Harold Thompson Memorial Award for best paper, Spectrochimica Acta A (1997)

  111. Harilal, S. S. et.al "Electron Density & Temperature Measurements in a Laser Produced Carbon Plasma" Journal of Applied Physics 82, 2140-2146 (1997).

  112. Harilal, S. S. et.al "Temporal and Spatial Evolution of C2 in LIP from Graphite Target"
    Journal of Applied Physics 80, 3561-3565 (1996).

  113. Bindhu, C. V., Harilal, S.S. et. al, "Measurement of the Absolute Fluorescence Quantum Yield of Rh B Solution Using a Dual-Beam Thermal Lens Technique" Journal Physics D 29, 1074-1079 (1996).

  114. Bindhu, C. V., Harilal, S.S. et. al, "Pulsed Photoacoustic Determination of Absolute Fluorescent Quantum Yield of the Laser Dye Rhodamine B" Modern Physics Letters B 10 1103-1110 (1996).

  115. Issac, R.C., Bindhu, C. V., Harilal, S.S. et. al, "A Study of Photoacoustic Effects and Optical Limiting in the Solution of C-60 in Toluene" Modern Physics Letters B, 10(1-2): p. 61-67 (1996).

  116. Varier, G.K., Harilal, S.S. et. al, "Electron density determination of laser induced plasma from polymethyl methacrylate using phaseshift detection technique" Modern Physics Letters, 10, p235-239 (1996).

  117. Harilal, S.S., et al., "Spatial and Time Resolved Analysis of CN Bands in the Laser Induced Plasma Front Graphite" Pramana-Journal of Physics, 46(2), 145-151 (1996).

  118. Harilal, S.S., et al., "Study of Laser Ablation in Liquids Using Pulsed Photoacoustic Technique"
    Modern Physics Letters B, 10(21) 1053-1057 (1996).

  119. Bindhu, C. V., Harilal, S.S. et. al, "Pulsed Photoacoustic Technique to Study Nonlinear Processes in Liquids - Results in Toluene" Pramana-Joural of Physics 44, 231-235 (1995).

  120. Harilal S.S et.al "Observation of Multiphoton Process in Liquid CS2 Using Pulsed Photoacoustic Technique" Modern Physics Letters B 9, 871-876 (1995).

  121. Harilal, S.S. et. al, "Pulsed photoacoustic study of toluene", Journal of Pure and Applied Ultrasonics 17, 69-71 (1995).

  122. Bindhu, C.V., Harilal, S. S. et al., "Laser Induced Thermal Lens Effect in Rhodamine B - Signature of Resonant Two Photon Absorption", Modern Physics Letters B, 9(22): 1471-1477 (1995).

  123. Bindhu C. V., Harilal, S. S. et. al, "Anomalous variation of thermal lens signal with signal concentration from Rhodamine B in methanol solution" Pramana-Journal of Physics 42(3), 231-237 (1995).

  124. Kurian, A., Bindhu, C. V., Harilal, S. S. et. al "Application of Laser Beam Deflection Technique to Study the Diffusion Process in Electrolyte Solutions" Pramana-Journal of Physics 43(5), 401-406 (1994).

  125. Kumar, P. R. S., Harilal S. S. et.al, "High Resolution Optogalvanic Spectrum of N2-Rotational Structure of (11, 7) Band in the 1st Positive System" Pramana-Journal of Physics 42(3), 231-237 (1994)

  126. Prasad, K. C. A., Kumar, P. R. S., Harilal, S. S. et. al "Observation of two-photon-induced photoemission OG effect using Cu target electrode" Modern Physics Letters B 8, 1917-22 (1994).

  127. Harilal, S. S. et.al "Temporal and Spatial Evolution of Laser Ablated Plasma from YBCO"
    Applied Physics Letters 64, 3377-3379 (1994)
    .

B. Books and Book Chapters

  1. Harilal S.S., Freeman J.F., Diwakar P.K., Hassanein A.
    Femtosecond laser ablation: Fundamentals and Applications
    in "Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy: Theory and Applications" (editors: Musazzi S. and Perini U.)
    Springer Series in Optical Sciences 182, Chapter 6, pp143-166 (2014).

  2. Hassanein A., Gold S.H., and Harilal S. S.
    Special Issue on Plenary and Invited Papers from ICOPS 2011 (Guest Editor)
    IEEE Tranactions in Plasma Science 40 (2012)

  3. Harilal, S. S. "Optical Emission Diagnostics of Laser produced Plasma"  in  Advances in Laser and Optics Research (W. T. Lavworth, Ed.), Vol. 1, Ch. 8, pp. 187-231 . Nova Science, New York (2002).

  4. Harilal, S.S. et. al, "Optical limiting and thermal lensing in fullerenes", in OP, N. (Ed.): ‘Optics and Optoelectronics - Theory, Devices and Applications I ( Proceedings of International Conference on Optics and Opto-electronics, Dehradun)’ (Narosa Publishing House, New Delhi 1998), pp. 595-600

  5. Bindhu, C.V., Harilal, S.S. et. al, "Multiphoton absorption studies in aqueous solutions of rhodamine 6G laser dye using transient thermal lens technique", in OP, N. (Ed.): ‘Optics and Optoelectronics - Theory, Devices and Applications II ( Proceedings of International Conference on Optics and Opto-electronics, Dehradun)’ (Narosa Publishing House, New Delhi 1998), pp. 1064-1069

C. Conference Papers/Presentations

  1. Harilal S. S. Laser-produced plasma sources for lithography and microscopy (invited)
    International Conference on Plasma Science and Applications, Singapore December 4-6, 2013

  2. Al-Shboul K.F., Hassan S.M., Harilal S.S., Costello J.T., Tanaka K.A., and Hassanein A., Enhanced Carbon Clusterization in Colliding Laser Ablated Plumes in Conference on Laser Ablation (COLA), Ischia (Italy) Oct. 6-11. 2013.

  3. Harilal S.S. Ultrafast laser ablation plume diagnostics and applications (invited)
    Conference on Laser Ablation (COLA) Ischia, Italy, Oct. 6-11
    , 2013.

  4. Freeman J., Harilal S.S., and Hassanein A., Quantitative comparisons of single-pulse and double-pulse LIBS using Nd:YAG-CO2 laser combination, in Conference on Laser Ablation (COLA), Ischia (Italy) Oct. 6-11. 2013.

  5. Odeh F., Shah N., Mckenna N., Diwakar P., Genco F., Harilal S.S., and Hassanein A.
    Effects of Axial and Transverse Magnetic Fields on Laser Produced Plasmas
    2013 SciX Conference Milwaukee, WI Sep.28-Oct. 3, 2013.

  6. LaHaye N., Diwakar P., Harilal S.S., and Hassanein A., Plasma hydrodynamic expansion and relation to fs-LA-ICP-MS signal intensities and elemental fractionation in SciX Conference 2013 SciX Conference Milwaukee, WI Sep.28-Oct. 3, 2013.

  7. Hassanein A., Sizyuk T., and Harilal S.S., Sefl-Consistent Three-Dimensional Modeling of Laser Induced Pasma for LIBS Applications (invited), 2013 SciX Conference Milwaukee, WI Sep.28-Oct. 3, 2013.

  8. Freeman J., Diwakar P., Harilal S.S., and Hassanein A., Characterization of single and double pulse LIBS with Nd:YAG and CO2 lasers for improving signal-to-noise ratio,
    2013 SciX Conference Milwaukee, WI Sep.28-Oct. 3, 2013.

  9. Farid N., Ding H., Harilal S.S., and Hassanein A., Characteristics of Ambient Plasma Generated During Hydrodynamic Expansion of Laser-produced W Plasma, in Conference on Laser Ablation (COLA) Ischia, Italy, Oct. 6-11. 2013.

  10. Diwakar P., Harilal S.S., and Hassanein A., Dynamics of ultrafast laser ablation plumes in the presence of gases: Implications to LA-ICP-MS and LIBS, 2013 SciX Conference Milwaukee, WI Sep.28-Oct. 3, 2013.

  11. Diwakar P., Harilal S.S., and Hassanein A., Mechanisms leading to signal enhancement in NIR fs-fs and NIR ns-ns double-pulse laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy 2013 SciX Conference Milwaukee, WI Sep.28-Oct. 3, 2013.

  12. Diwakar P., Cooper H., Harilal S.S., and Hassanein A., Provenance study of native copper using fs-LA-ICP-MS 2013 SciX Conference Milwaukee, WI Sep.28-Oct. 3, 2013.

  13. Harilal S.S., J. R. Freeman, P. Diwakar and A. Hassanein
    Comparison of ns and fs LIBS, CLEO: 2013 Technical Digest CTu2H.8
    CLEO 2013, San Jose CA, Jun 9-14, 2013

  14. Harilal S.S., P. Diwakar, J. Freeman, T. Sizyuk, and A. Hassanein
    The influence of laser parameters on ablation properties in LIBS and dual-pulse LIBS (invited) International Workshop on Spectroscopy: Applications to National Security, Varanasi India, Jan 18-20, 2013

  15. Polek M, Kanjilal, A. Hassanein A. and Harilal S. S.
    Ultrafast Laser Induced Periodic Nanostructures, TECHCON conference, Austin Texas, Sep. 2012

  16. Novakowshi, T. Al-Ajlony, A., A. Kanjilal, M. Catalfano, S.S. Harilal, and A. Hassanein
    Role of Surface Temperature in Low Energy Ar+ Bombardment Induced Nanostructure Formation on Si Surface, 2012 MRS Conference, Boston MA, Nov 26-30, 2012.

  17. LaHaye N., P. Diwakar, S.S. Harilal, and A. Hassanein
    Wavelength effect on detection limits in ns- and fs-LA-ICP-MS

    2012 SciX conference, Kansas, MO Sep 30-Oct. 5, 2012.

  18. Hussein A., P. Diwakar, S.S. Harilal, and A. Hassanein
    Effects of excitation wavelength on laser ablation plumes at 1 atmosphere ambient pressure 
    2012 SciX conference, Kansas, MO Sep 30-Oct. 5, 2012.

  19. Harilal S.S., P. Diwakar, J. Freeman, and A. Hassanein
    Dual-pulse LIBS: The role of laser wavelength on pre-pulse and reheating beams
    7th International Conference on LIBS, Luxor, Egypt, Sep 29-Oct. 4, 2012.

  20. Freeman J., B. Verhoff, P. Diwakar, S.S. Harilal, and A. Hasssanein
    Comparison of optical emission from ns and fs brass plasmas in atmosphere and vacuum
    7th International Conference on LIBS, Luxor, Egypt, Sep 29-Oct. 4, 2012.

  21. Freeman J., B. Verhoff, P. Diwakar, S.S. Harilal, and A. Hassanein
    Density and temperature Evolution of  ns and fs LIBS plumes in vacuum and air
    2012 SciX conference, Kansas, MO Sep 30-Oct. 5, 2012. (Won best FACCS student poster award)

  22. Diwakar, P., N. LaHaye, J. Gonzalez, R.E. Russo, A. Hassanein, and S.S. Harilal
    From Sample to Signal: A Comprehensive Overview of Influence of Laser Parameters on fs-LA-ICP-MS
    2012 SciX conference, Kansas, MO Sep 30-Oct. 5, 2012.

  23. deVietien, P., P. Diwakar, S.S. Harilal, and A. Hassanein
    Analysis of laser-induced aerosols in LA-ICP-MS: Role of wavelength in elemental fractionation,
    2012 SciX conference, Kansas, MO Sep 30-Oct. 5, 2012. (Won best FACCS student poster award)

  24. Freeman J., Harilal S.S., Sizyuk T., Hassanein A and Rice B
    "Wavelength dependence of prepulse laser beams on EUV emission from CO2 reheated Sn plasma"
    SPIE Advanced Lithography Conference, San Jose CA, February 12-16, 2012.
    Proceedings of SPIE 8322, 83220H (2012)

  25. Catalfano M, Kanjilal A, Al-Ajlony A, Harilal SS, Hassanein A, Rice B.
    "Mirror contamination and secondary electron effects during EUV reflectivity analysis"
    SPIE Advanced Lithography Conference, San Jose CA, February 12-16, 2012.
    Proceedings of SPIE 8322, 832233 (2012)

  26. Al-Ajlony A, Kanjilal A, Catalfano M, Harilal SS, Hassanein A, Rice B.
    "Low energy electron bombardment induced surface contamination of Ru mirrors"
    SPIE Advanced Lithography Conference, San Jose CA, February 12-16, 2012.
    Proceedings of SPIE 8322, 832232 (2012)

  27. LaHaye N., Harilal S.S., and Hassanein A. "Plasma dynamics and aerosol transport phenomena in fs-Laser ablation-Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry" 2012 Winter Conference on Plasma Spectrochemistry, Tuczon AZ, Jan 9-14, 2012.

  28. Harilal, S. S., Freeman, J. R., and Hassanein, A., "Optimization of Laser-produced Plasma sources for EUV lithography" 11th International Conference on Laser Ablation (COLA), Playa Del Carmen, Mexico Nov. 13-19, 2011.

  29. Al-Shboul, K. F., Harilal, S. S., Verhoff, B., and Hassanein, A. "C2 emission features of nanosecond and femtosecond laser-produced plasmas". 11th International Conference on Laser Ablation (COLA), Playa Del Carmen, Mexico Nov. 13-19, 2011.

  30. Hassanein, A., Sizyuk, T., Sizyuk, V., and Harilal, S. S., "Comprehensive integrated 3-D simulation of LPP for various applications" 11th International Conference on Laser Ablation (COLA), Playa Del Carmen, Mexico Nov. 13-19, 2011.

  31. Coons, R. W.,  S. S. Harilal, and A. Hassanein
    “The Role of Laser Wavelength on Dual Pulse Laser-Breakdown Spectroscopy” 38th ICOPS, June 26-30, Chicago, 2011 Abstracts IEEE ICOPS, DOI 10.1109/PLASMA.2011.5993052  

  32. Hassan, S. M.,  V. V. Vikhrev, S. S. Harilal, T. S. Sizyuk, V. Sizyuk, M. Tatarakis, A. Hassanein
    “MHD Simulation of Low Current Pinch Plasma Dynamics”
    2011 Abstracts IEEE ICOPS, DOI 10.1109/PLASMA.2011.5993201 

  33. Verhoff, B.,  M. Polek, S. Harilal, and A. Hassanein
    “Ion Emission Dynamics in Ultrafast Laser Ablated Plasmas”
    2011 Abstracts IEEE ICOPS, DOI 10.1109/PLASMA.2011.5993181 

  34. Polek, M., S. S. Harilal, and A. Hassanein
    “Laser-Produced Carbon Plasma Evolution and Lifecycle”
    2011 Abstracts IEEE ICOPS, DOI 10.1109/PLASMA.2011.5993262

  35. Crank, M. L.,  S. S. Harilal, S. M. Hassan, and A. Hassanein
     “X-Ray Emission in the Water-Window from Laser-Produced Boron-Nitride Plasma”
    2011 Abstracts IEEE ICOPS, DOI  10.1109/PLASMA.2011.5993263 

  36. LaHaye, N. L.,  B. Verhoff, S. Harilal, and A. Hassanein
    “Crater Formation and Signal Intensity in Nano- and Femto-Second Laser Ablation Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry”  2011 Abstracts IEEE ICOPS, DOI 10.1109/PLASMA.2011.5993264 

  37. Freeman, J. R.,  R. W. Coons, S. S. Harilal, S. M. Hassan, and A. Hassanein
    “Effects of Pre-Pulses on Extreme Ultraviolet Conversion Efficiency in Laser-Produced Tin Plasmas” 2011 Abstracts IEEE ICOPS, DOI 10.1109/PLASMA.2011.5993265 

  38. Al-Shboul, K. F.,  S. S. Harilal, and A. Hassanein
    “Time-of-Flight Spectroscopy and Fast Imaging Studies of Carbon Dimers in Laser-Produced Plasmas” 2011 Abstracts IEEE ICOPS, DOI 10.1109/PLASMA.2011.5993266 

  39. Fields, M. D.,  S. S. Harilial, and A. Hassanein
    “The Role of Excitation Wavelength on Debris for CO2 and Nd:YAG Laser-Produced Plasma EUVL Sources” 2011 Abstracts IEEE ICOPS, DOI  10.1109/PLASMA.2011.5993267 

  40. Hassan, S. M.,  P. Lee, R. S. Rawat, S. Lee, S. H. Saw, M. Tatarakis, S. S. Harilal, A. Hassanein “Optimization of Dense Plasma Focus for Higher Neutron Yield”
    2011 Abstracts IEEE ICOPS, DOI 10.1109/PLASMA.2011.5992987

  41. Hassanein A, Sizyuk T, Sizyuk T, and Harilal S. S.
    "Combined effects of pre-pulsing and target geometry on efficient EUV production from laser produced plasma experiments and modeling" SPIE Advanced Lithography Conference, San Jose CA, February 28-March 2, 2011. Proceedings of SPIE 7969, 79690D (2011)

  42. Khaled Al-Shboul, M. Polek, D. Campos, S. S. Harilal, A. Hassanein, "Dynamics of C2 Formation in Laser Produced Carbon Plasma in a Helium Environment", 6th International Conference on LIBS, Memphis TN, September 13-17, 2010.

  43. Coons, R.W., S. S. Harilal, M. Polek, A. Hassanein, "Spatial and Temporal Variations of the Electron Temperatures and Densities Within EUV-Emitting Li Plasmas", 6th International Conference on LIBS, Memphis TN, September 13-17, 2010.

  44. Polek, M., K. F. Al-Shboul, D. Campos, S. S. Harilal, A. Hassanein, "Two-Dimensional Mapping of the Electron Density in Laser-Produced Plasmas", 6th International Conference on LIBS, Memphis TN, September 13-17, 2010.

  45. Harilal S. S. and Hassanein A., "High-sensitivity LA-ICP-TOF-MS for nuclear material detection" NNSA The University and Industry Technical Interchange 2010 Review Meeting. The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee, December 7-9, 2010, P-37.

  46. Hassanein A., Sizyuk V., Harilal S. S. and Sizyuk, T.
    "Analysis, simulation, and experimental studies of YAG and CO2 LPP for EUVL sources"
    Proc. of  SPIE 7636,76360A (2010).

  47. Campos D., Coons R.W., Fields M.D., Crank M., Harilal S.S. and Hassanein A.
    "Angular distribution of debris from CO2 and YAG laser-produced tin plasmas" SPIE Advanced Lithography Conference, San Jose CA, February 21-25, 2010.
    Proceedings of  SPIE 7636,763612 (2010).

  48. Coons R.W., Campos D., Crank M., Harilal S.S. and Hassanein A.
    "Comparison of EUV spectral and ion emission features from LP Sn and Li plasmas" SPIE Advanced Lithography Conference, San Jose CA, February 21-25, 2010.
    Proceedings of  SPIE 7636,763636 (2010).

  49. Hassanein, A., Sizyuk, V. Sizyuk, T and Harilal, S. S.
    "Effects of Plasma Spatial Profile on CE of LPP Sources for EUV lithography" SPIE Advanced Lithography Conference, San Jose CA, February 22-27, 2009.
    Proceedings of  SPIE 7272 72720K.70 (2009).

  50. Hough, P., McLoughlin, C., Kelly, T. J., Hayden P., Harilal S. S., Mosnier J. P. and Costello J. T. Colliding laser produced plasmas as novel sources: Optical diagnostics
    Journal of Physics - Conference series 194 062003 (2009)

  51. Pulsifier, J., Tillack M. S., and Harilal S. S., "Effect of laser pulse duration on damage to metal mirrors for laser IFE", Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 2007, 23-26 Sept. 2007, Boulder CO, Proceedings of SPIE 6720, 6720-6712 (2008).

  52. Harilal, S. S., J. J. MacFarlane, I. E. Golovkin, P. R. Woodruff, and P. Wang, "Modeling of EUV Emission and Conversion Efficiency from Laser-Produced Tin Plasmas for Nanolithography", Emerging Lithographic Technologies XII, San Jose CA, February 24-29, 2008,
    Proceedings of SPIE 6921, 692133 (2008).

  53. Allain, J. P., M. Neito, M. R. Hendricks, S. S. Harilal, and A. Hassanein, "Debris and radiation-induced damage effects on EUV nanolithography source collector mirror optics performance", Damage to VUV, EUV, and X-ray Optics, 18-19 April 2007, Prague, Czech Republic,
    Proceedings of SPIE 6586, 65860W (2007).

  54. O’Shay B., Najmabadi F., Harilal S. S. and Tillack M. S.
    "Nanosecond spectroscopy of expanding Laser-Produced Sn Plasma" 8th International Conference on Laser Ablation, Banff, Canada, September 11-16 (2005).
    Journal of Physics - Conference series 59 773-777 (2007).

  55. Harilal, S. S., O'Shay, B. and Tillack, M. S. "Prompt electron emission during nanosecond laser ablation of tin", Proceedings of 8th International Conference on Laser Ablation, Banff, Canada, September 11-16, (2005)

  56. Tillack, M. S., Harilal, S.S. et. al, "Magnetic Confinement of an Expanding Laser-Produced Plasma" Third International Conference on Inertial Fusion Sciences and Applications, IFSA 2003, September 7-12, 2003 Proceedings of Inertial Fusion Science Applications (American Nuclear Society, Monterey, California, 2003), pp. FP05-45.

  57. Harilal, S.S. et. al, "Influence of laser irradiance and helium ambient on the expansion of laser produced carbon plasma", 26th European Conference on Laser Interaction with Matter: 12-16 June 2000, Prague, Czech Republic, Proceedings of SPIE 4424, 520-523 (2001).

  58. Harilal, S. S., L. Aschke, and H. J. Kunze, "Time evolution of colliding laser produced magnesium plasmas", 26th European Conference on Laser Interaction with Matter: 12-16 June 2000, Prague, Czech Republic, Proceedings of SPIE 4424, 516-519 (2001).

  59. Bindhu, C. V., S. S. Harilal, C. Pragmann, and H. Soltwisch, "FIR laser based interferometry for low density plasma diagnostics", Proceeding of 10th International Symposium on Laser Aided Plasma Diagnostics (Fukuoka) 10, 469-474 (2001).

  60. Harilal, S.S., CV Bindhu, VP Shevelko, and HJ Kunze
    "Charge-exchange collisions in interpenetrating laser-produced magnesium plasmas"

    ULIA Conference, SEP 29-OCT 03, 2000 Pisa, Italy

  61. Bindhu, C. V., Harilal, S. S. et. al, "Multiphoton absorption studies in aqueous solutions of rhodamine 6G laser dye using transient thermal lens technique", International Conference on Optics and Optoelectronics '98, 9-12 Dec. 1998, Dehradun, India, Proceedings of SPIE 3729, 312-317 (1999).

  62. Kurian, A., Bindhu, C.V., Harilal, S.S. et. al, "Laser beam deflection in stratified liquid medium evaluation of diffusion coefficient" Proceedings of APSYM - CUSAT - 94. National Symposium on Antennas and Propagation, 232-235 (1994)

  63. Issac R. C., Bindhu, C.V., Harilal, S.S. et. al, "The observation of optical limiting by C70 in toluene"Proceedings of APSYM - CUSAT - 94. National Symposium on Antennas and Propagation, 228-231 (1994)

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