|Author:||Sandeep Krishna Thirumala|
|Event Date:||July 24, 2018|
Abstract: In this work, we propose dual mode ferroelectric transistors (D-FEFETs) that exhibit dynamic tuning of operation between volatile and non-volatile modes with the help of a control signal. We utilize the unique features of D-FEFET to design two variants of non-volatile flip-flops (NVFFs). In both designs, D-FEFETs are operated in the volatile mode for normal operations and in the non-volatile mode to backup the state of the flip-flop during a power outage. The first design comprises of a truly embedded non-volatile element (D-FEFET) which enables a fully automatic backup operation. In the second design, we introduce need-based backup, which lowers energy during normal operation at the cost of area with respect to the first design. Compared to a previously proposed FEFET based NVFF, the first design achieves 19% area reduction along with 96% lower backup energy and 9% lower restore energy, but at 14%-35% larger operation energy. The second design shows 11% lower area, 21% lower backup energy, 16% decrease in backup delay and similar operation energy but with a penalty of 17% and 19% in the restore energy and delay, respectively. System-level analysis of the proposed NVFFs in context of a state-of-the-art intermittently-powered system using real benchmarks yielded 5%-33% energy savings.