Y. Sun, S. Mitra Ayalasomayajula, A. Deva, G. Lin & R. Edwin García “Artificial intelligence inferred microstructural properties from voltage–capacity curves.” Scientific Reports. 12:13421, 2022. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-022-16942-5
The quantification of microstructural properties to optimize battery design and performance, to maintain product quality, or to track the degradation of LIBs remains expensive and slow when performed through currently used characterization approaches. In this paper, a convolution neural network-based deep learning approach (CNN) is reported to infer electrode microstructural properties from the inexpensive, easy to measure cell voltage versus capacity data. The developed framework combines two CNN models to balance the bias and variance of the overall predictions. As an example application, the method was demonstrated against porous electrode theory-generated voltage versus capacity plots. For the graphite|LiMn2O4 chemistry, each voltage curve was parameterized as a function of the cathode microstructure tortuosity and area density, delivering CNN predictions of Bruggeman’s exponent and shape factor with 0.97 R2 score within 2 s each, enabling to distinguish between different types of particle morphologies, anisotropies, and particle alignments. The developed neural network model can readily accelerate the processing-properties-performance and degradation characteristics of the existing and emerging LIB chemistries.