John Abraham

Professor

School of Mechanical Engineering
Purdue University
585 Purdue Mall
West Lafayette, IN 47907-2088
Tel: (765) 494 5660
Fax: (765) 494-0539
Email: jabraham@purdue.edu

B. Tech. I. I. T., Kharagpur, 1981
M. A. Princeton University, 1984
Ph. D. Princeton University, 1986

Joined the Purdue faculty in January, 1996 after spending several years in industry and academia.




Professional Societies

American Physical Society
American Society of Mechanical Engineers
American Society of Engineering Education
American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics(Senior Member)
Institute of Liquid Atomization and Sprays
Society of Automotive Engineers (Fellow)
The Combustion Institute


Editorial Responsibilities

Associate Editor, Combustion Science and Technology
Associate Editor, Journal of Fluids Engineering - Transactions of the ASME
Editorial Board, International Journal of Spray and Combustion Dynamics

Current Research Interests

Multiphase Flows

Sprays and atomization; interfacial instabilities; drop dynamics; phase transition ; particle transport; wall interactions.

Combustion/Combustion Modeling

Computational studies of fundamental combustion phenomena. Modeling of transient, reacting, turbulent multiphase fluid flows in internal combustion engines. Turbulent reacting jets.

Computational Fluid Dynamics

As applied to the areas listed above using DNS, LES, and RANS simulations. Computational methods for micro- and nano- fluidics using mesoscopic and microscopic approaches such as Lattice-Boltzmann Methods (LBM), Dissipative Particle Dynamics (DPD), and Molecular Dynamics (MD). Multiscale modeling.


Ph.D. Graduates


H. Reddy 2011 Intel, Hillsboro, OR
S. Mukhopadhyay 2011 Intel, Hillsboro, OR
R. Owston 2010 Southwest Research Institute, San Antonio, TX
R. Venugopal 2008 Cummins Engine Compansy, Columbus, IN
S. Mukherjee 2006 Atkins Global Consulting, Houston, TX
A. Tiwari 2006 ExxonMobil Research, Houston, TX
J. Anders 2006 Caterpillar, Inc., Peoria, IL
K.N. Premnath 2004 University of Colorado, Denver, CO
A.R. Wadhwa 2004 General Motors Research, Warren, MI
M.E. McCracken 2004 ExxonMobil Research, Houston, TX
L. Song 2003 Smith International, Inc., Houston, TX
V. Gopalakrishnan 2003 General Motors Research, Warren, MI
V.A. Iyer 2001 General Electric Aircraft Engines, Cincinnati, OH
S.L. Post 2001 Bradley University, Peoria, IL
L. Fang 2000 Honeywell, Inc., Phoenix, AZ
(L. Fang co-advised with Prof. Victor Goldschmidt)


Recent Archival Journal Publications


C. Bajaj, M. Ameen, and J. Abraham, Evaluation of an Unsteady Flamelet Progress Variable Model for Autoignition and Flame Lift-Off in Diesel Jets, Combustion Science and Technology, 185:454-472, 2013.

S. Mukhopadhyay and J. Abraham, Influence of Turbulence on Autoignition in Stratified Mixtures Under Compression Ignition Engine Conditions, Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part D: Journal of Automobile Engineering, 227:133-145, 2013.

H. Reddy and J. Abraham, Influence of Turbulence-Kernel Interactions on Flame Development in Lean Methane/Air Mixtures Under Natural Gas-Fueled Engine Conditions, Fuel, 103:1090-1105, 2013.

H. Reddy and J. Abraham, Two-Dimensional Direct Numerical Simulation Evaluation of the Flame Surface Density Model for Flames Developing from an Ignition Kernel in Lean Methane/Air Mixtures Under Engine Conditions, Physics of Fluids, 105108,2012.

S. Mukhopadhyay and J. Abraham, Influence of Heat Release and Turbulence on Scalar Dissipation Rate in Autoigniting n-Heptane/Air Mixtures, Combustion and Flame, 159(9):2883-2895, 2012.

H. Reddy and J. Abraham, Transient Evolution of Strain and Curvature in Flames Developing from Kernels, International Journal of Spray and Combustion Dynamics, 4 (4):323-340, 2012.

S.Mukhopadhyay and J. Abraham, Evaluation of an Unsteady Flamelet Progress Variable Model for Autoignition and Flame Development in Compositionally Stratified Mixtures, Physics of Fluids, 075115, 2012.

C.S. Bhat, P. Meckl, J.S. Bolton, and J. Abraham, Influence of Fuel Injection Parameters on Combustion-Induced Noise in a Small Diesel Engine, International Journal of Engine Research, 13(2):130-146, 2012.

C. Bajaj, J. Abraham, and L.M. Pickett, Vaporization Effects on Transient Diesel Spray Structure, Atomization and Sprays, 21(5):411-426, 2011.

J. Abraham, Computational Study of Charge Stratification in Early-Injection SCCI Engines under Light-Load Conditions, International Journal of Automotive Technology, 12(5):721-732, 2011.

S. Mukhopadhyay and J. Abraham, Influence of Compositional Stratification on Autoignition in n-Heptane/Air Mixtures, Combustion and Flame, 158(6):1064-1075, 2011.

H. Reddy and J. Abraham, A Numerical Study of Vortex Interactions with Flames Developing from Ignition Kernels in Lean Methane/Air Mixtures, Combustion and Flame, 158(3):401-415, 2011.

R. Owston and J. Abraham, Exploratory Studies of Modeling Approaches for Hydrogen Triple Flames, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 36(14):8570-8582, 2011.

M. Sayeed, V. Magi, and J. Abraham, On the Efficiency of a High-Performance Parallel Solver for Turbulent Reacting Flow Simulations, Numerical Methods in Heat Transfer, Part B, 59(3):169-189, 2011.

H. Reddy and J. Abraham, Ignition Kernel Development Studies Relevant to Lean-Burn Natural Gas Engines, Fuel, 89(11):3262-3271, 2010.

R. Owston, V.Magi, and J. Abraham, Some Numerical Considerations in the Simulation of Low-Ma Number Hydrogen/Air Mixing Layers, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 35(23): 12936-12944, 2010.

R. Venugopal and J. Abraham, Numerical Studies of the Response of Flamelets to Unsteadiness in the Near-Field of Jets Under Diesel Conditions, Combustion Science and Technology, 182(7):717-738, 2010.

J. Abraham and L.M. Pickett, Computed and Measured Fuel Vapor Distribution in a Fuel Spray, Atomization and Sprays, 20(3): 241-250, 2010.

R. Owston and J. Abraham, Structure of Hydrogen Triple Flames and Premixed Flames Compared, Combustion and Flame, 157:1552-1565, 2010.

R. Owston and J. Abraham, Numerical Study of Hydrogen Triple Flame Response to Mixture Stratification, Ambient Temperature, Pressure, and Water Vapor Concentration, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 35(10):4723-4735, 2010.

R. Owston and J. Abraham, Flame Propagation in Stratified Hydrogen-Air Mixtures: Spark Placement Effects, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 34(15):6532-6544, 2009.

R. Venugopal and J. Abraham, Numerical Studies of Vortex-Induced Extinction/Reignition Relevant to the Near-Field of High-Reynolds Number Jets, Physics of Fluids, 21, 055106, 2009.

R. Venugopal and J. Abraham, Unsteady Flamelet Response in the Near Field of High-Reynolds-Number Jets, AIAA Journal, 47(6):1491-1506, 2009.

H. Reddy and J. Abraham, Dissipative-Particle Dynamics Simulations of Flow over a Stationary Sphere in Compliant Channels, Physics of Fluids, 21, 053303, 2009.

S. Mukhopadhyay and J. Abraham, A particle-based multiscale model for submicron fluid flows, Physics of Fluids, 21, 027102, 2009. Also in March 9, 2009 issue of Virtual Journal of Nanoscale Science and Technology.

S.R. Hoffman and J. Abraham, A Comparative Study of n-Heptane, Methyl Decanoate, and Dimethyl Ether Combustion Characteristics Under Homogeneous-Charge Compression-Ignition Engine Conditions, Fuel, 88:1099-1108, 2009.

A. Tiwari and J. Abraham, A Two-Component Two-Phase Dissipative Particle Dynamics Model, International Journal of Numerical Methods in Fluids, 59(5):519-533, 2009.

R. Venugopal and J. Abraham, Numerical Investigations of Reignition in Vortex-Perturbed n-Heptane Nonpremixed Flames, AIAA Journal, 46(10):2479-2497, 2008.

J. Anders, V. Magi, and J. Abraham, A Computational Investigation of the Interaction of Pulses in Two-Pulse Jets, Numerical Heat Transfer, Part A: Applications, 54(11):999-1021, 2008.

A. Tiwari, H. Reddy, S. Mukhopadhyay, and J. Abraham, Simulations of Liquid Nanocylinder Breakup with Dissipative Particle Dynamics, Physical Review E 78, 016305, 2008.

J.W. Anders, R. Venugopal, V. Magi, and J. Abraham, A Study of Flame-Vortex Interactions in the Presence of Residual Gases, Combustion Science and Technology, 180(7), 1395-1420, 2008.

R. Venugopal and J. Abraham, A 2-D DNS Investigation of Extinction and Reignition Dynamics in Nonpremixed Flame-Vortex Interactions, Combustion and Flame, 153(3), 442-464, 2008.

A. Tiwari and J. Abraham, Dissipative Particle Dynamics Simulations of Liquid Nanojet Breakup, Microfluidics and Nanofluidics, 4(3), 227-235, 2008.

N. Kumari and J. Abraham, Interactions of Decelerating Drops Moving in Tandem, Atomization and Sprays, 18:191-241, 2008.

R. Owston, V. Magi, and J. Abraham, Fuel-Air Mixing Characteristics of DI Hydrogen Jets, SAE International Journal of Engines, 1(1):693-712, 2008.

A.R. Wadhwa, V. Magi, and J. Abraham, Transient Deformation and Drag of Decelerating Drops in Axisymmetric Flows, Physics of Fluids, 19, 113301, 2007.

R. Venugopal and J. Abraham, A Numerical Investigation of Flame Lift-off in Diesel Jets, Combustion Science and Technology, 179:2599-2618, 2007.

J.W. Anders, V. Magi, and J. Abraham, Large-eddy simulation in the near field of a transient multicomponent gas jet with density gradients, Computers and Fluids, 36:1609-1620, 2007.

S. Mukherjee and J. Abraham, Crown Behavior in Drop Impact on Wet Walls, Physics of Fluids, 19, 052103, 2007.

R. Owston, V. Magi, and J. Abraham, Interactions of Hydrogen Flames with Walls: Influence of Wall Temperature, Pressure, Equivalence Ratio, and Diluents, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 32:2094-2104, 2007.

S. Mukherjee and J. Abraham, Investigations of Drop Impact on Dry Walls with a Lattice-Boltzmann Model, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 312:341-354, 2007.

R. Venugopal and J. Abraham, A Review of Fundamental Studies Relevant to Flame Lift-off in Diesel Jets," SAE Paper 2007-01-0134, SAE Transactions, Journal of Engines, 116:132-151, 2007.

R. Owston, V. Magi, and J. Abraham, Wall Interactions of Hydrogen Flames Compared with Hydrocarbon Flames, SAE Paper 2007-01-1466, SAE Transactions, Journal of Engines, 116:993-1002, 2007.

K. N. Premnath and J. Abraham, Three-dimensional Multi-Relaxation Time (MRT) Lattice-Boltzmann Models for Multiphase Flow, Journal of Computational Physics, 224(2):539-559, 2007.

S. Mukherjee and J. Abraham, A Pressure-Evolution-Based Multi-Relaxation-Time High-Density-Ratio Two-Phase Lattice-Boltzmann Model, Computers and Fluids, 36:1149-1158, 2007.

S. Mukherjee and J. Abraham, Lattice Boltzmann Simulation of Two-Phase Flow with High Density Ratio in Axially Symmetric Geometry, Physical Review E 75, 026701, 2007. Also in Virtual Journal of Nanoscale Science and Technology, 15(7), February 19, 2007.

R. Owston, V. Magi, and J. Abraham, A Numerical Study of Thermal and Chemical Effects in Interactions of n-Heptane Flames with a Single Surface, Combustion and Flame, 148:127-147, 2007.

A. Tiwari and J. Abraham, Dissipative-Particle-Dynamics Model for Two-Phase Flows, Physical Review E 74, 056701, 2006. Also in Virtual Journal of Nanoscale Science and Technology, 14(20), November 13, 2006.

K. Premnath, M. McCracken and J. Abraham, A Review of Lattice Boltzmann Methods for Multiphase Flows Relevant to Engine Sprays, SAE Transactions, 113:929-940, 2006.

K. Premnath and J. Abraham, Simulations of Binary Drop Collisions with a Multiple-Relaxation-Time Lattice-Boltzmann Model, Physics of Fluids, 17, 122105, 2005.

M. McCracken and J. Abraham, Simulation of Liquid Break-up with an Axisymmetric, Multiple-Relaxation-Time, Index-Function Lattice-Boltzmann Model, Int. J. Modern Physics C, 16(11), 1671-1692, 2005.

A.R. Wadhwa, V.Magi and J. Abraham, Hybrid Compressible- Incompressible Numerical Method for Transient Drop-Gas Flows, AIAA Journal, 43(9):1974-1983, 2005.

K. Premnath and J. Abraham, Lattice Boltzmann Model for Axisymmetric Multiphase Flows, Physical Review E 71, 056706, 2005.

M. McCracken and J. Abraham, Simulations of Gas-Gas Mixing Layers with Lattice-Boltzmann Binary Fluid Model, Int. J. Modern Phyics C, 16(4), 533-548, (2005).

V. Iyer and J. Abraham, Two-Fluid Modeling of Spray Penetration and Dispersion Under Diesel Conditions, Atomization and Sprays, 15(3), 249-270, 2005.

K. Premnath and J. Abraham, Lattice-Boltzmann Simulations of Drop-Drop Interactions in Two-Phase Flows, Int. J. Modern Physics C, 16(1): 25-44, 2005.

M. McCracken and J. Abraham, Multiple-Relaxation-Time Lattice- Boltzmann Model for Multiphase Flow, Physical Review E 71, 036701, 2005.

M. McCracken and J. Abraham, Lattice-Boltzmann Methods for Binary Mixtures with Different Molecular Weghts, Physical Review E 71, 046704, 2005.

K. Premnath and J. Abraham, Discrete Lattice BGK Boltzmann Equation Computations of Transient Incompressible Turbulent Jets, Int. J. Modern Physics C, 15(5):699-719, 2004.

V. Gopalakrishnan and J. Abraham, Computed NO and Soot Distribution in Turbulent Transient Jets Under Diesel Conditions, Combustion Science and Technology, 176:603-641, 2004.

V. Gopalakrishnan and J. Abraham, Effects of Multicomponent Diffusion on Predicted Ignition Characteristics of a N-Heptane Diffusion Flame, Combustion and Flame, 136:557-566, 2004.

L. Song and J. Abraham, The Structure of Wall-Impinging Jets: Computed Versus Theoretical and Measured Results, Journal of Fluids Engineering, 125: 997-1005, 2003.

V. Iyer and J. Abraham, An Evaluation of a Two-Fluid Eulerian-Liquid Eulerian-Gas Model for Diesel Sprays, Journal of Fluids Engineering, 125: 660-669, 2003.