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Seminars in Hearing Research (10/7/21) - Subong Kim

Seminars in Hearing Research (10/7/21) - Subong Kim

Author: M. Heinz
Event Date: October 7, 2021
Hosted By: Hari Bharadwaj
Time: 1030-1120
Location: LYLE 1150
Contact Name: Bharadwaj, Hari M
Contact Email: hbharadw@purdue.edu
Open To: All
Priority: No
School or Program: Biomedical Engineering
College Calendar: Show
Subong Kim (Postdoctoral Associate, Department of Speech, Language, and Hearing Sciences) will present "Neurofeedback Training of Auditory Selective Attention Enhances Speech-In-Noise Perception" at our next Seminars in Hearing Research at Purdue (SHRP) on October 7th at 1030-1120 in LYLE 1150.

Seminars in Hearing Research at Purdue (SHRP)

 

Date: Thursday, October 07, 2021

 

Time: 10:30 – 11:20 am

 

Location: LYLE 1150

 

Speaker: Subong Kim, Postdoctoral Associate, Department of Speech, Language, and Hearing Sciences

 

Title:  Neurofeedback Training of Auditory Selective Attention Enhances Speech-In-Noise Perception

 

Abstract:

Selective attention enhances cortical responses to attended sensory inputs while suppressing others, which can be an effective strategy for speech-in-noise (SiN) understanding. Emerging evidence exhibits a large variance in attentional control during SiN tasks, even among normal-hearing listeners. Yet whether training can enhance the efficacy of attentional control and, if so, whether the training effects can be transferred to performance on a SiN task has not been explicitly studied. Here, we introduce a neurofeedback training paradigm designed to reinforce the attentional modulation of auditory evoked responses. Young normal-hearing adults attended one of two competing speech streams consisting of five repeating words (“up”) in a straight rhythm spoken by a female speaker and four straight words (“down”) spoken by a male speaker. Our electroencephalography-based attention decoder classified every single trial using a template-matching method based on pre-defined patterns of cortical auditory responses elicited by either an “up” or “down” stream. The result of decoding was provided on the screen as online feedback. After four sessions of this neurofeedback training over 4 weeks, the subjects exhibited improved attentional modulation of evoked responses to the training stimuli as well as enhanced cortical responses to target speech and better performance during a post-training SiN task. Such training effects were not found in the Placebo Group that underwent similar attention training except that feedback was given only based on behavioral accuracy. These results indicate that the neurofeedback training may reinforce the strength of attentional modulation, which likely improves SiN understanding. Our finding suggests a potential rehabilitation strategy for SiN deficits.

 

Zoom Info:

https://purdue-edu.zoom.us/j/93108158900?pwd=RDdTQ0Z4UE9Rb0JUenhjMG1SMkp2QT09

 

Meeting ID: 931 0815 8900

Passcode: 11501150

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The working schedule for this academic is here:

https://purdue.edu/TPAN/hearing/shrp_schedule

 

The titles and abstracts of the talks will be added here:

https://purdue.edu/TPAN/hearing/shrp_abstracts