Have you got a knack for science and have always wondered what careers you can get?
The word science comes from a Latin word meaning knowledge. A scientist works to understand the world around him or her.
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** Careers in Biology **
Biology: natural science concerned with the study of life and living organisms, including their structure, function, growth, origin, evolution, distribution, and taxonomy
- Ecology - study of the relations that living organisms have with respect to each other and their environment
- Microbiology - study of microorganisms, which are microscopic, unicellular, and cell-cluster organisms.
- Parasitology - study of parasites, their hosts, and the relationship between them.
- Immunology - broad branch of biomedical science that covers the study of all aspects of the immune system in all organisms
- Virology - study of viruses and virus-like agents: their structure, classification and evolution, their ways to infect and exploit cells for virus reproduction, the diseases they cause, the techniques to isolate and culture them, and their use in research and therapy
- Bacteriology - study of bacteria. It comprises the identification, classification and characterization of bacterial species.
- Physiology - science of the function of living systems
- Pathology - study and diagnosis of disease
- Oncology - study of cancer
- Biochemistry - study of chemical processes in living organisms, including, but not limited to, living matter
- Molecular Biology - study of macromolecules and the macromolecular mechanisms found in living things, such as the molecular nature of the gene and its mechanisms of gene replication, mutation, and expression
- Genetics - science of genes, heredity, and variation in living organisms
- Botany - scientific study of plant life
** Careers in Chemistry**
Chemistry: study of matter and energy and the interactions between them.
- Chemist- study the composition of matter and its properties such as density and acidity
- Chemical engineer - studies the process of converting raw materials or chemicals into more useful or valuable forms
- Geochemistry - study of the chemical composition of the Earth and other planets, chemical processes and reactions that govern them
- Agrochemistry - study of both chemistry and biochemistry which are important in agricultural production, the processing of raw products into foods and beverages, and in environmental monitoring and remediation
- Nuclear Chemistry - study of the chemical effects resulting from the absorption of radiation within living animals, plants, and other materials
- Thermochemistry - study of the energy and heat associated with chemical reactions and/or physical transformations
** Careers in Environmental Science**
Environmental Science: interdisciplinary academic field that integrates physical and biological sciences to the study of the environment, and the solution of environmental problems.
Environmental Engineer - application of science and engineering principles to improve the natural environment
Biofuels/Biodiesel Technology and Product Development Managers - execute biofuels/biodiesel research programs that evaluate alternative feedstock and process technologies with near-term commercial potential.
Redevelopment Specialist and Site Manager - Participate in planning and directing cleanup and redevelopment of contaminated properties for reuse.
Climate Change Analyst - Research and analyze policy developments related to climate change. Make climate-related recommendations for actions such as legislation, awareness campaigns, or fundraising approaches.
** Careers in Physics / Astronomy **
Physics: the study of matter and its motion through spacetime, along with related concepts such as energy and force.
- Astronomer - Observe, research, and interpret celestial and astronomical phenomena to increase basic knowledge and apply such information to practical problems.
- Atmospheric and Space Scientist - Investigate atmospheric phenomena and interpret meteorological data gathered by surface and air stations, satellites, and radar to prepare reports and forecasts for public and other uses.
- Nuclear Medicine Technologist - Prepare, administer, and measure radioactive isotopes in therapeutic, diagnostic, and tracer studies utilizing a variety of radioisotope equipment
- Physicist - Conduct research into the phases of physical phenomena, develop theories and laws on the basis of observation and experiments, and devise methods to apply laws and theories to industry and other fields.