MARLIN Application

(Mobile Aviation Resources supporting Latency, Information, and Navigation)

General Aviation Flight Information and Decision-making related to Adverse Weather

An FAA-funded project to identify weather information in the cockpit affecting ...

Current Projects
Augmented Weather Interfaces Project (2019-present)

AWIP is an FAA-funded research project studying the ways pilots currently exchange information about weather conditions before, during, and after flight. This information transfer starts as a pilot is learning about weather phenomena in his or her training, and it continues throughout their career in flight.

AWIP has developed Augmented Reality weather models for inclusion in educational aviation content. Additionally, it has studied the information flow in the PIREP creation and dissemination process.

People
Helicopter Operations Weather Interfaces (2019-present)

HOWI is an FAA-funded research project studying the differences between rotorcraft and fixed-wing operations, specifically those relating to weather phenomena and operational environments. Helicopters often serve a very different mission profile than fixed-wing aircraft. They operate at lower altitudes, often needing to navigate around ground obstacles.

Seeing as their operational profiles are so different, it is unfitting that helicopter pilots rely on many of the same aviation weather data sources as their higher-flying, fixed-wing counterparts. HOWI investigates what gaps exist, if any, in weather information availability for lower-flying helicopters, and it attempts to make suggestions to the FAA in an attempt to reduce weather-related fatalities from helicopter operation.

People
Past Projects
PEGASAS Project 4 - MARLIN project (2014-2019)

The goals of the Weather Technology in the Cockpit (WTIC) Program are to improve pilot decision making relative to adverse weather, enhance crew awareness and coordination relative to turbulence, specify minimum weather service for meteorological (MET) information in cockpits, and report National Airspace System (NAS) inefficiencies (NextGen) not attributable to resolved MET information in the cockpit shortfalls.

People

PERCH Application

(Performance Enhancement Resources for Comprehensive Healthcare)

Teams in Healthcare Settings

PERCH work helps improve provider knowledge sharing and event response in healthcare delivery.

GROUPERs conduct studies with hospitals, pharmacies, and public health organizations to ensure connection to clinical realities.

Past Projects
Community Health Integration through Pharmacy Process and Ergonomics Redesign (2013-2015)

This work evaluates two different technologies (automated prescription trackers and mobile pharmacy applications) in community pharmacy systems with respect to information flows and work processes. The outcome was the creation of the Community Health Integration through Pharmacy Process and Ergonomics Redesign (CHIPPER) framework, which is continuing to be used for mapping other technologies and projects in community pharmacy settings (e.g., PharmaSim, Secure Messaging for Medication Reconciliation Tool).

People
Mental workload and data use in traumatic brain injury rehabilitation (2013-2015)

Evaluate the type and storage of data available in current traumatic brain injury rehabilitation care, and evaluate the potential use of subjective mental workload measurement in this setting.

People
Data for trajectory tracking and evaluation in traumatic brain injury rehabilitation (2015-present)

Determine what data is required to accurately track the short-term and long-term recovery of traumatic brain injury survivors, and the storage necessities of said data.

[Cognitive Readiness Information for Trajectory Tracking and Evaluation in Rehabilitation (CRITTER)]

People
Sandra Eskenazi Center for Brain Care Innovation (2015-present)

Create a Mission Care and Coordination Center that will aid in coordinating and evaluating care for the clinic, home health, and population health within the Sandra Eskenazi Center for Brain Care Innovation.

People

SMELT Application

(Science, Mathematics, and Engineering Learning Technologies)

STEM education access, awareness, and integration

The mission of the SMELT research stream is to provide improved access, awareness, and integration of electronic information resources for STEM education, ranging from modules for students in grades 4-12, through use of emerging information and computing technologies to support distributed scholars worldwide. Prof. Caldwell's work in the SMELT stream is closely tied to his role as Director of the Indiana Space Grant Consortium.

Current Projects
Modular Delivery of Hybrid Learning Environment (2020-present)

This project seeks to improve modular delivery of undergraduate or graduate research class material in a hybrid learning environment. During the COVID-19 pandemic, many schools and universities had to pivot from an in-person learning experience to one that existed either partially or entirely online. This project studies the methods that instructors have used to make this transition as efficiently as possible.

People
Past Projects
LWSC: PhD Dissertation (2014-present)

This research focuses on the impact of extracurricular high school STEM activities (with FIRST Robotics Competition as the primary focus) on students' careers, soft skills development, and interest in engineering. At present, the topic is being refined.

STINGRAY Application

(Spaceport Tools and Information for Near-earth and Ground Resource AnalYsis)

Information Flow in Spaceflight Operations

The primary mission of the STINGRAY research stream is to analyze, develop, and enhance documentation, mission planning, management, and monitoring of checkout, launch, and in-space phases of human spaceflight missions. Over the past 10 years, this research area has generated over $400,000 in principal investigator funding (and co-investigator participation in over $300,000 in additional funding) by Prof. Caldwell, from sources such as NASA and the United Space Alliance.

Current Projects
Past Projects
Physiological Monitoring for Performance Optimization in a Mars Analog (2014-2019)

The project consists of integrating a physiological monitor into NASA's Biologic Analog Science Associated with Lava Terrains (BASALT) research program in order to monitor extravehicular crew workload and performance.

People

CORAL Theoretical

(Communication Optimization within Resource Allocation Limits)

Communication optimization in time-critical environments

The mission of the CORAL research stream is to improve team coordination in, high consequence environments. CORAL research examines interface design and cognitive engineering capabilities to improve information presentation and display to support users’ access to and interpretation of the information they need, when they need it, in ways that are useful in time-critical and other resource limited situations.

Current Projects
Cognitive Human Factors in Manufacturing (2020-2021)

Discussion on the applications of cognitive human factors focused on group communication and information flow in automotive manufacturing setting.

People
Augmented Weather Interfaces Project (2019-present)

AWIP is an FAA-funded research project studying the ways pilots currently exchange information about weather conditions before, during, and after flight. This information transfer starts as a pilot is learning about weather phenomena in his or her training, and it continues throughout their career in flight.

AWIP has developed Augmented Reality weather models for inclusion in educational aviation content. Additionally, it has studied the information flow in the PIREP creation and dissemination process.

People
Helicopter Operations Weather Interfaces (2019-present)

HOWI is an FAA-funded research project studying the differences between rotorcraft and fixed-wing operations, specifically those relating to weather phenomena and operational environments. Helicopters often serve a very different mission profile than fixed-wing aircraft. They operate at lower altitudes, often needing to navigate around ground obstacles.

Seeing as their operational profiles are so different, it is unfitting that helicopter pilots rely on many of the same aviation weather data sources as their higher-flying, fixed-wing counterparts. HOWI investigates what gaps exist, if any, in weather information availability for lower-flying helicopters, and it attempts to make suggestions to the FAA in an attempt to reduce weather-related fatalities from helicopter operation.

People
Past Projects
PEGASAS Project 4 - MARLIN project (2014-2019)

The goals of the Weather Technology in the Cockpit (WTIC) Program are to improve pilot decision making relative to adverse weather, enhance crew awareness and coordination relative to turbulence, specify minimum weather service for meteorological (MET) information in cockpits, and report National Airspace System (NAS) inefficiencies (NextGen) not attributable to resolved MET information in the cockpit shortfalls.

People
Information Alignment and Visualization for Cyber-Physical Network Operations Center Teams (2014-present)

Analysis of critical information flow and sensemaking in network operations centers and security operations centers

People

DOLPHIN Theoretical

(Delays, Organizational Lags, and Productivity in Human Information Networks)

Impact of delay on productivity, technology use and team performance

The mission of the DOLPHIN research stream is to study the impact of information delay and degradation on information technology use and performance. DOLPHIN research addresses both theoretical issues of feedback control models of tolerance for delays in human—human communication, and operational questions of information coordination in production systems.

Current Projects
Cognitive Human Factors in Manufacturing (2020-2021)

Discussion on the applications of cognitive human factors focused on group communication and information flow in automotive manufacturing setting.

People
Modular Delivery of Hybrid Learning Environment (2020-present)

This project seeks to improve modular delivery of undergraduate or graduate research class material in a hybrid learning environment. During the COVID-19 pandemic, many schools and universities had to pivot from an in-person learning experience to one that existed either partially or entirely online. This project studies the methods that instructors have used to make this transition as efficiently as possible.

People
Past Projects
Determining System Requirements for Human-Machine Integration in Computer Security Incident Response (2016-2019)

Incident response teams in cyber defense (CSIRTs) play a critical role in mitigating security events. Advancement in the field requires integrating approaches from social and behavioral sciences to better understand the humans in the system. This research investigates incident response (IR) tasks and the humans that perform them, and uses Human Factors methods to determine functional requirements for possible automated solutions. Findings presented in a systems engineering language will inform algorithmic development from other scientific fields currently addressing cyber defense with computational methods.

People
MMN: MS Thesis (2014-present)

This project explores the effects of cognitive diversity and expertise distribution on team performance using simulation in Java.

People
Impact of Efficient knowledge Sharing and Information Technology on Team Performance in production systems (2015-present)

Studying design and implementation of information technology systems dedicated to measure operational performance

People

SHARK Theoretical

(Systems for Human-centered Access to Resources and Knowledge)

Modeling information resources in complex environments

The primary mission of the SHARK research stream is to develop useful analytical models of how people can access, coordinate, and enhance information resources in complex environments. This basic and fundamental research area has nonetheless resulted in over $150,000 in principal investigator funding for Prof. Caldwell's work.

Past Projects
Physiological Monitoring for Performance Optimization in a Mars Analog (2014-2019)

The project consists of integrating a physiological monitor into NASA's Biologic Analog Science Associated with Lava Terrains (BASALT) research program in order to monitor extravehicular crew workload and performance.

People
Community Health Integration through Pharmacy Process and Ergonomics Redesign (2013-2015)

This work evaluates two different technologies (automated prescription trackers and mobile pharmacy applications) in community pharmacy systems with respect to information flows and work processes. The outcome was the creation of the Community Health Integration through Pharmacy Process and Ergonomics Redesign (CHIPPER) framework, which is continuing to be used for mapping other technologies and projects in community pharmacy settings (e.g., PharmaSim, Secure Messaging for Medication Reconciliation Tool).

People
Mental workload and data use in traumatic brain injury rehabilitation (2013-2015)

Evaluate the type and storage of data available in current traumatic brain injury rehabilitation care, and evaluate the potential use of subjective mental workload measurement in this setting.

People
Data for trajectory tracking and evaluation in traumatic brain injury rehabilitation (2015-present)

Determine what data is required to accurately track the short-term and long-term recovery of traumatic brain injury survivors, and the storage necessities of said data.

[Cognitive Readiness Information for Trajectory Tracking and Evaluation in Rehabilitation (CRITTER)]

People
Sandra Eskenazi Center for Brain Care Innovation (2015-present)

Create a Mission Care and Coordination Center that will aid in coordinating and evaluating care for the clinic, home health, and population health within the Sandra Eskenazi Center for Brain Care Innovation.

People
LWSC: PhD Dissertation (2014-present)

This research focuses on the impact of extracurricular high school STEM activities (with FIRST Robotics Competition as the primary focus) on students' careers, soft skills development, and interest in engineering. At present, the topic is being refined.