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Water Quality Engineering

Traditionally, water systems research has focused on water and wastewater treatment. While these remain vibrant areas for study, access to water is increasingly affecting many industrial sectors: manufacturing, transportation, agriculture, mining, and energy production. An integrated understanding is needed of how industrial and treatment systems interact with natural processes, cycles, and systems, and managed systems (e.g., wetlands and rivers). The environmental processes include transformations of chemicals including emerging contaminants and transport/hydrologic processes. Understanding these interactions supports the development of technologies to remedy ongoing and legacy issues.  Water quality engineering is a critical area of research due to the fact that providing access to clean water is a pervasive societal challenge and has been identified as one of the 14 Grand Challenges of Engineering. Water quality research within EEE ranges from optimizing low-tech, low-cost treatment methods such as bio-sand filtration to high tech and emerging technologies such as ultra-violet disinfection and nanotechnologies.  

Examples of EEE Faculty Research on Water Quality Engineering Include:

"Characterization of Chloramines in Source Waters from and Advanced Water Purification Facility by membrane Introduction Mass Spectrometry (MIMS) and Wet-Chemical Methods,” Orange Cry Soil and Water Conservation District, E. R. Blatchley.

"Design of a Low Cost, Self-Operating Hydraulic Ram Pump for Water Retention and Lifting in Developing Countries: Bringing Clean Water to Haiti,” Environmental Protection Agency, B. A. Engel.

"Aging and Degradation of Polymer Thin Films and Membranes for Water Treatment Applications,” Purdue Research Foundation, J. A. Howarter.

"Design and Processing of Porous Polymer Components for Slow Sand Water Filters," Kimberly-Clark, J. A. Howarter, C. T. Jafvert.

"Numerical Models for Prediction of Fouling and its Effects on Reactor Performance in UV Disinfection Systems," Water Research Foundation, E. R. Blatchley.

"Removal of Organic Contaminants From Drinking Water Using Functionalized Polyester Films," DuPont Teijin Films, E. R. Blatchley.

"Effects of UV-Based Treatment on Air and Water Chemistry in Chlorinated, Indoor Swimming Pool Facilities,” National Swimming Pool Foundation, American Chemistry Council, E. R. Blatchley.

"Nanostructural Design for Selective Ion Transport in Polymer Membranes,” Purdue Research Foundation, J. A. Howarter.