AAE 33900: Aerospace Propulsion
Contact hours: Lecture that meets 3 times per week for 50 minutes per meeting for 15 weeks.
Instructor: Professor Li Qiao and Professor William Anderson
Text: Hill and Peterson, Mechanics and Thermodynamics of Propulsion, Addison Wesley, 2nd edition. ISBN 978-0201146592. Supplemental notes furnished by instructor.
Course Description: The course is intended to provide an introduction and broad survey of airbreathing and rocket propulsion systems. Students are given a review of the first and second laws of thermodynamics; control volume analysis and conservation equations of mass, momentum, and energy; the Brayton cycle; and derivation and application of the rocket equation. Students are provided a basic background in one-dimensional compressible internal flows; cycle and performance analysis of ramjets, turbojets, and turbofans; propellers; and reacting flows and chemical equilibrium. Students are introduced to the main components of gas turbine engines and rockets, including inlets, turbomachinery, thrust chambers, and nozzles.
Pre-requisite: ME 20000
Co-requisite: AAE 33400
Student Learning Outcomes:
On completing this course the student shall be able to:
- Demonstrate an understanding of basic concepts.
- Apply their understanding to propulsion system performance and top-level sizing calculations including thrust; turbine engine flows, components, and efficiencies; velocity triangles; space applications and rocket design; engine cycles and components; solid rocket motors.
- Calculate performance of propulsion systems.
- Perform top-level sizing calculations.
- Select appropriate propulsion systems for a given application.
Relationship of Course to Program Outcomes
|Program Learning Outcomes||Included?|
|a||An ability to apply knowledge of mathematics, science, and engineering||Yes|
|b||An ability to design and conduct experiments, as well as to analyze and interpret data||No|
|c||An ability to design an aerospace system, component, or process to meet desired needs within realistic constraints such as economic, environmental, social, political, ethical, health, and safety, manufacturability, and sustainability||Yes|
|d||An ability to function on multidisciplinary teams||No|
|e||An ability to identify, formulate, and solve aerospace engineering problems||Yes|
|f||An understanding of professional and ethical responsibility||No|
|g||An ability to communicate effectively||Yes|
|h||An understanding of the impact of engineering solutions in a global, economic, environmental, and societal context||Yes|
|i||A recognition of the need for, and an ability to engage in life-long learning||Yes|
|j||A knowledge of contemporary issues in aerospace engineering||Yes|
|k||An ability to use the techniques, skills and modern engineering tools necessary for aerospace engineering practice||Yes|
- Introduction: Brief history of gas turbine and rocket propulsion development; Classification of aerospace propulsion systems; Overview of rocket and airbreathing engine configurations (2 lectures)
- Mechanics and Thermodynamics of Fluid Flow: Control volumes and thrust equation; First and second laws of thermodynamics, gas properties; fundamental energy balances; Chemical reactions and equilibrium; heat transfer (6 lectures)
- One-Dimensional Flow: 1-D compressible isentropic flow; Non-isentropic flow (3 lectures)
- Airbreathing Engines: Turbine engines and ramjets; propellers; Thermodynamics, performance, and efficiencies; the range equation (4 lectures)
- Inlets, Combustors, and Nozzles (3 lectures)
- Compressors and Turbines: Euler momentum equation, basic concepts; velocity triangles; Axial compressor and turbine on-design analysis; dimensional analysis and performance maps (6 lectures)
- Rockets: Rocket types and performance parameters; The rocket equation; Staging; Space and launch missions (3 lectures)
- Liquid Rocket Engines: Cycles; propellants; and thrust chambers (4 lectures)
- Rocket Combustion and Expansion: thermochemical calculations; nozzle flows (4 lectures)
- Solid rocket motors: Parts; St Robert’s Law; lumped parameter ballistic analysis; homogenous and heterogeneous propellants (3 lectures)
- Electric Propulsion: main types; applications (3 lectures)
Prepared by: William Anderson, Date: June 1, 2015